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Recently Published/Soon to be Published:
  • Miller, William J. and Jeremy D. Walling, eds. Forthcoming, 2012. Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Public Administration & Policy. Boston, MA: McGraw Hill.
  • Miller, William J. and Jeremy D. Walling, eds. Forthcoming, 2012. The Election’s Mine—I Draw the Line: The Political Battle over Redistricting at the State Level. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
  • Miller, William J. and Jill D. Miller. Forthcoming, 2012. “Everyone’s Got One: International Citizen Opinions of Post-Disaster Recovery Management.” Journal of Public Management & Social Policy.
  • Miller, William J. “We Can’t All Be Obama: The Use of New Media in Political Campaigns.” Journal of Political Marketing.

    For campaign consultants, the success of the Obama campaign and his utilization of new media technology have posed new conundrums.  Candidates witnessed the media hype generated by Obama’s techniques and have likely heard of the lower cost in some cases.  As such, some candidates have asked consultants to move toward new media based campaigns—in many cases an implausible request.  In this article, the author examines two main questions: 1) Whether candidates must choose between a tech savvy, youth-oriented strategy?; and a more traditional one and 2) What factors dictate this choice?  By using three case studies, the author highlights different variables that potentially impact the ultimate success of local candidates relying on technology-based campaigns.
  • Miller, William J. and Bobbi Gentry. Forthcoming, 2011. “Navigating the Academic Job Market in Treacherous Times.” PS: Political Science and Politics.
  • Miller, William J and Jeremy D. Walling, eds. Forthcoming, 2011. Tea Party Effects on 2010 Senate Elections: Stuck in the Middle to Lose. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
  • Coffey, Daniel C., William J. Miller, and Derek Feuerstein. 2011. “Classroom as Reality: Demonstrating Campaign Effects through Live Simulation.Journal of Political Science Education, 7 (1): 14-33.

    Scholastic research has demonstrated that when conducted properly, active learning exercises are successful at increasing student awareness, student interest, and knowledge retention.  Face-to-face simulations, in particular, have been demonstrated to add positively to classrooms focusing on comparative politics, international relations, public administration, the lawmaking process, and political campaigns.  While important in regards to engaging students in the practice of politics, such hands-on, active learning opportunities are even more important in an applied politics classroom, where students range from ambivalent to hostile towards theoretical arguments and academics.  In this article, we assess the utilization of a campaign simulation conducted within the classroom of an applied politics program, where students enter with previous experience on how to best run campaigns and the ultimate effects on learning for undergraduate students that serve as voters in their mock elections.
  • Kaltenthaler, Karl C., Christopher J. Anderson, and William J. Miller. 2010. “Accountability and Independent Central Banks: Europeans and Distrust of the European Central Bank.” Journal of Common Market Studies, 48 (5): 1259-1279.

    The paper makes two contributions. First, it examines public support for the European Central Bank, a key and highly important public institution in the evolving European Union, with vast influence over economic wellbeing of almost 500 million individuals.   Attitudes toward the ECB as an institution remain understudied.  Scholars have focused on support for European Monetary Union (EMU) and attitudes toward the euro and a  common monetary policy but the ECB has not been the principle focus of public opinion studies (Banducci et al 2003; Gärtner 1997; Kaltenthaler and Anderson 2001). Second, the paper examines models of accountability in an evolving supranational polity; we know very little about how citizens’ cognitions and behaviors connect with supranational institutions.  The work that has been done on the accountability of supranational institutions has been largely conceptual and not empirical in nature (De Haan et al 2004; Deroose et al 2007; Heisenberg 2003; Kaelberer 2007; Keohane 2002; Magnette 2000).  This paper seeks to add to the base of knowledge that exists about how citizens think about the accountability of supranational institutions.
  • Kaltenthaler, Karl C., William J. Miller, Stephen Ceccoli, and Ron Gelleny. 2010.  The Sources of Pakistani Attitudes toward Religiously-Motivated Terrorism.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 33 (9): 815-835.

    This study is interested in understanding public opinion in Pakistan toward terror attacks.  Specifcally, this study explores 1) the general picture of attitudes in Pakistan toward terrorism and 2) which individuals are most likely to support terrorism in Pakistan.  The study aims to give insights into how pervasive a support base exists for terrorism as a tactic in Pakistan and it seeks to isolate the individual-level traits that account for the variation we see among Pakistani Muslims regarding their level of acceptance of terrorism against Pakistani and Indian targets.  We find that a large majority of Pakistanis oppose terrorism but terrorism directed at Indian targets is more tolerated than terrorism against Pakistani targets.  We also find that those who are most supportive of Talibanization in Pakistan are the most supportive of terrorism.
  • Miller, William J., Karl C. Kaltenthaler, and Derek Feuerstein. 2010. “Pedagogical Red Tape: Difficulties in Teaching the Bureaucracy to Undergraduate Students.” Journal of Political Science Education, 6 (3): 244-257.

    Americans are often perceived as holding extremely negative views of governmental bureaucrats.  Phrases like bureaucratic waste and unresponsive bureaucracy fill the mainstream media and taint the image of bureaucrats.  Beginning in basic high school civics classes, students are taught to respect the lawmaking process, the executive power of the president, and the interpretive influence of judges, yet very few are instructed to remember the mail carrier who delivers their mail consistently or the social service worker who handles a constant stream of phone calls—perhaps even on their behalf.  Given the lack of background most students have on the bureaucracy, political science classes at the collegiate level are imperative in helping to overcome the popularly held negative myths of these important institutions.
Manuscripts Under Review:
  • Miller, William J. “Developing as a Young Faculty Member through Advanced Placement Exam Grading.”

    While in graduate school, I was prepared to conduct research within my field, yet it always felt that preparing me to be a teacher was an afterthought.  As a young faculty member, I have attempted to continue my professional development in ways that allow me to network with other members of the profession while honing my research and teaching skills.  Upon taking a visiting professor position, I was asked to teach large lecture courses (roughly 125 students) on a regular basis.  Believing strongly in the value of writing in the curriculum, I intended to ask students to complete essays on each of their exams, despite that meaning that I would have almost 400 essays to read some quarters.  My experience as an AP exam reader introduced me to the value of scoring rubrics for assuring standardized, consistent grading of essays, which allow me to continue assigning them without worrying about the difficulties of such a large volume of answers to peruse.  Further, it led to invaluable networking opportunities and the chance to discuss different ways of covering material with high school teachers and college instructors.
  • Kaltenthaler, Karl C., William J. Miller, and Sarah Poggione. “The Trust Syndrome: Political Trust and Confidence in the European Union.”

    This paper is concerned with the foundations of public trust in European Union institutions.  It asks: Why do some Europeans trust the European Union and its major institutions while others do not?  This paper explores the individual-level factors that may condition how EU citizens think about trusting the EU and its institutions.  The study focuses on the European Union, as a whole, and three of its most important and salient institutions: the Council of the European Union, the European Commission, and the European Parliament.  The paper uses opinion data from the Eurobarometer 69.2 (2008) to test a series of hypotheses related to the foundations of citizen-level trust in the aforementioned institutions.  The central arguments of this paper are that Europeans have general predispositions toward the European Union and its institutions and not well-developed views on specific aspects or functions performed by the EU and its institutions.  This general predisposition to trust or not trust the EU is a function of the overall level of trust Europeans have in all governmental institutions, be they domestic or international.  Thus, it is this generalized political trust that drives support for and confidence in the European Union.
  • Miller, William J. “Gubernatorial Ethics and Expectations in the New Age of American Political Scandal.”

    Americans have long had a fascination with scandal.  From the Founding onward, rumors of impropriety by elected and appointed government officials has captivated large followings within the general public.  While Watergate, Iran-Contra, and the Lewinsky scandals tend to dominate historical and political analyses, recent gubernatorial scandals have raised interesting questions that deserve further study.  James McGreevey, Rod Blagojevich, Eliot Spitzer, and Mark Sanford have all faced serious accusations in the past decade that have severely affected their long-term political careers.  In Blagojevich’s case, we find a nexus between the corrupting influences of power and money.  In the case of McGreevey, Spitzer, and Sanford, we find three very different sex scandals that each led to unique second-order transgressions that ultimately impacted the governing capacity of each man.  While Americans appear to latch onto the juicy details of political scandals, there are serious underlying issues related to power and governance within all four accounts.  In this article, I seek to examine what types of scandals should bother us as citizens and impact how we evaluate our elected officials.  Further, I seek to determine how we should draw the line between what types of information should remain private rather than entering the public sphere.
  • Kaltenthaler, Karl C., C. Christine Fair, and William J. Miller. “Iran and the Bomb: The View from the Demand Side.”

    This essay exposits what the Iranian mass public believes both about Iran potentially developing nuclear weapons and about staying in or leaving the NPT. Moreover, in some measure, it also explains how and why Iranians have differing opinions about these matters. We develop and test a set of hypotheses drawn from security, domestic politics, and norms models of the demand for nuclear weapons that sought to explain variation in Iranian individual-level attitudes toward developing nuclear weapons and leaving the NPT. The results of our analysis show that when it comes to the issue of developing a full nuclear power cycle, a clear majority of Iranians support their government's position that it is Iran's right to do so. A significant minority or Iranians are willing to state that they would like their country to go further and develop nuclear weapons. The regression analyses seem to indicate that very general respondent predispositions seem to drive a great deal of the variation we see among Iranian responses to the survey items. The results do not indicate a pattern of well-developed conceptualizations of foreign policy and the outside world. The fact that levels of education and government trust proved to be the most important predictors of support for the nuclear program and that there was little reference to Iran's external security threats indicate the Iranian mass public, like just about any other mass public, uses very general cues to determine the stances they take on foreign policy issues.
  • Kaltenthaler, Karl C. and William J. Miller. “Social Psychology and Attitudes toward the European Union.”

    This paper asks: Why do some Europeans have confidence in the European Union (EU) while others do not?  This paper explores the individual-level factors that may condition how EU citizens think about supporting the EU.  The central argument of this paper is that confidence in this international organization is primarily based on the degree to which individuals believe they can trust other people.  It is this basic view of human nature, and not well developed assessments of the institutions, that drive how Europeans judge the European Union.  The paper uses opinion data from the World Values Survey (2005-2006 wave) to test this argument and alternative hypotheses in France, Germany, Poland, Slovenia, and Sweden.  The results indicate that social trust is a crucial individual-level factor in determining how Europeans think about the European Union.
  • Kaltenthaler, Karl C. and William J. Miller. “Anti-Americanism in the Muslim World.”

    We argue that anti-Americanism is a complex phenomenon in the Muslim world, as it would be in other parts of the world.  Because the United States represents many things to different people around the world, it is unrealistic to think that anti-Americanism among Muslims would be driven by any one factor.  We surmise that the United States is the most prominent example of a Christian country involved in conflicts with Muslims in the Muslim world, it is the largest capitalist economy and the primary source of cultural export in the world, and finally it is still the world’s only hegemon and the most powerful actor in Middle East politics.  All of these factors will drive some Muslims to view the United States in a negative light.  Our greatest concern is if Muslim identity is the greatest source of anger toward the United States.  If the Clash of Civilizations argument is correct, we face the dismal future where Muslims view themselves locked in a religious struggle with the United States. That source of anti-Americanism would be the worst scenario for the US as it could motivate further growth in radical Islam and the destabilizing consequences that could result from that.  It would likely be the most persistent and deep-rooted source of anti-Americanism and thus a serious concern to the United States.  The best news for the US would be that the anti-Americanism that has grown in the Muslim world as of late is situational, thus fleeting, and not anchored in culture.
  • Kaltenthaler, Karl C. and William J. Miller. “Fears of Terrorism and Attitudes toward Immigration.”

    This paper explores how citizens’ fears about terrorism condition their attitudes toward immigration.  Specifically, we argue that those citizens who have significant fears about a terrorist attack in their country will have more negative attitudes about immigrants than those individuals who do not fear a terrorist attack as much.  This argument is based on the logic that many individuals who fear a terrorist attack in Europe will associate the terrorist threat with immigrants, particularly from Muslim countries.  We test our argument and alternative hypotheses in an ordinary least squares analysis.  The countries in the study include seventeen European states for which complete data is available in the European Social Survey.  The results of the analysis show that the more citizens fear a terrorist attack in their country, the more they will oppose immigration into their country.
Manuscripts Under Preparation:
  • Miller, William J. and Jill Dawson. “iPolitics: Talking Government with the American Idol Generation.”

    In this paper, I take a closer look at the Millennial generation.  Specifically, I examine the political knowledge of these students and how they perceive of the political world.  Then, I directly challenge the Millennial generation by asking them to read Mark Bauerlein's The Dumbest Generation, which claims that the digital age does nothing but stupefy young Americans and ultimately jeopardize the future of the country.  By doing so, I hope to clearly gather a picture of what the typical Millennial student looks and act like, what are her behaviors when it comes to technology, what does she even care to learn more.
  • Miller, William J. Hummel and Goodsell: The Enduring Debate on the Nature of the Bureaucrat.

    Through multiple editions of their two seminal works in organizational theory, Charles Goodsell and Ralph Hummel have engaged in an enduring debate regarding the merits of bureaucracy.  Hummel—in The Bureaucratic Experience, first published in 1977—notes the debilitating nature of bureaucracy and its negative effects.  By becoming bureaucrats, human beings are stripped of their basic nature and instead submerged into a bureaucratic culture shaped by a specific language, behavior, and series of expectations.  In his view, bureaucracy is not centered on public service, but instead on self-survival and self-enhancement.  Approaching the topic from a different viewpoint than Hummel, Charles Goodsell—through The Case for Bureaucracy—largely describes bureaucrats as authentic public servants, interested primarily with assuring the effective, efficient delivery of necessary services.  Rather than seeing bureaucracy as an occupation, Goodsell’s description treats it as more of a calling.  The disconnect is clear.  Since the first edition of each work emerged decades ago, numerous scholars have entered the discussion through the academic development of representative bureaucracy.  Rather than focus on other scholars, however, this paper will closely dissect the debate (or polemic per Goodsell’s own subtitle) launched by Hummel and Goodsell to attempt to determine if bureaucrats are self-serving soulless automatons, or rather, concerned, dedicated agents of government that work for the interests of the people they serve.  In some ways, the debate traces back to the question of Weber’s suffering servant: do bureaucrats make decisions and consider their work finished or do they continue to worry whether policies are being implemented in a manner that best serves the public?  How do bureaucrats view their role in government and society?  Likewise, how does the general public view the bureaucrat?
  • Kaltenthaler, Karl C. and William J. Miller. “The Sources of Cosmopolitan Values.”
  • Kaltenthaler, Karl C. and William J. Miller. “The Demand for Government Responsibility for Social Security.”
  • Miller, William J. “Portrayals of Bureaucracy in Modern American Sitcoms.”
  • Miller, William J. “Teaching Redistricting through a Computer Simulation.”
  • Miller, William J. “Navigating the Academic Job Market in Treacherous Times.”
  • Miller, William J. and Jill D. Miller. “Political Trust in the Arab World.”
  • Miller, William J. “The Interplay of Ethics and Public Policy: Street-Level Bureaucracy and the Decision to Do What is Right.”
  • Miller, William J. and Jill D. Miller. “So Many Freshmen!: The Challenges and Goals of Introductory American Government Courses.”
  • Miller, William J. and Rebecca Glazier. “Whose ‘Clash’? Comparing anti-American and anti-Muslim Attitudes.
  • Kaltenthaler, Karl C. and William J. Miller. "Attitudes toward bin Laden before his Demise."
Book Reviews:
  • Miller, William J. Forthcoming, 2012. Review of Thomas Hegghammer’s Jihad in Saudi Arabia: Violence and Pan-Islamism since 1979. Politics & Religion.
  • Miller, William J. Forthcoming, 2011. Review of Richard J. Heuer Jr. and Randolph H. Pherson’s Structured Analytic Techniques and Robert M. Clark’s The Technical Collection of Intelligence, in Journal of Political Science Education.