New Directions in the Psychology of Human Sexuality:
Research and Theory

William E. Snell, Jr., Ph.D.

References

  



Chapter 1 - References
 

Abbey, A.  (1982).  Sex differences in attributions for friendly behavior:  Do males misperceive females' friendliness?  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42, 830-838.

Abbey, A., Cozzarelli, C., McLaughlin, K., & Harnish, R. J.  (1987).  The effects of clothing and dyad sex composition on perceptions of sexual intent:  Do women and men evaluate these cues differently?  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 106-126.

Abbey, A., & Melby, C.  (1986).  The effects of nonverbal cues on gender differences in perceptions of sexual intent.  Sex Roles, 15, 283-298.

Adler, J. D., & Boxley, R. L.  (1985).  The psychological reactions to infertility:  Sex roles and coping styles.  Sex Roles, 12, 271-279.

Allgeier, E. R., & Allgeier, A. R.  (1984).  Sexual interactions.  Lexington, Mass.:   Health.

Apfelbaum, B., & Apfelbaum, C.  (1985).  The ego-analytic approach to sexual apathy.  In D. C. Goldberg (Ed.), Contemporary marriage (pp. 439-483).  Homewood, Illinois:  Dorsey Press.

Bailey, W. C., Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1987).  Relation of sex and gender role to love, sexual attitudes, and self-esteem.  Sex Roles, 16, 637-648.

D'Augelli, J. F.,  & Cross, H. J.   (1975).  Relationship of sex guilt and moral reasoning to premarital sex in college women and in couples.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 43, 40-47.

Fisher, T. D., & Hall, R. G.  (1988).  A scale for the comparison of the sexual attitudes of adolescents and their parents.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 90-100.

Gerrard, M.  (1987).  Sex, sex guilt, and contraceptive use revised:  The 1980s.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 975-980.

Green, S. E., & Mosher, D. L.   (1985).  A causal model of sexual arousal to erotic fantasies.  Journal of Sex Research, 21, 1-23.

Gross, A. E.  (1978).  The male role and heterosexual behavior.  Journal of Social Issues, 34, 87-107.

Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. S. (1986).  A theory and method of love.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 392-402.

Hendrick, C., Hendrick, S. S., Foote, F. H., & Slapion-Foote, M. J.  (1984).  Do men and women love differently?  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 1, 177-195.

Hendrick, S. S.,  & Hendrick, C.  (in press).  Multidimensionality of sexual attitudes.  Journal of Sex Research.

Hendrick, S. S., Hendrick, C., Slapion-Foote, M. J., & Foote, F. H.  (1985).  Gender differences in sexual attitudes.   Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1630-1642.

Herold, E. S., & Way, L.  (1988).  Sexual self-disclosure among university women.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 1-14.

Janda, L. H.,  & O'Grady, K. E.  (1980).  Development of a sex anxiety inventory.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 48, 169-175.

Janda, L. H., & O'Grady, K. E.  (1976).  Effects of guilt and response modality upon associative sexual responses.  Journal of Research in Personality, 10, 457-462.

Kahn, J. R..  (1985).  Sexual messages:  Parental influences on children's sexual development.  In D. C. Goldberg (Ed.), Contemporary marriage (pp. 261-289).  Homewood, Illinois:  Dorsey Press.

Kaplan, H. S.  (1974).  The new sex therapy:  Active treatment of sexual dysfunctions.  Brunner/Maazel:  New York.

Kaplan, H. S.  (1979).  Disorders of sexual desire.  Brunner/Maazel:  New York.

Larsen, K. S., & Long, E.  (1988).  Attitudes toward rape.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 299-304.

Leary, M. R., & Dobbins, S. E.  (1983).  Social anxiety, sexual behavior, and contraceptive use.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1347-1354.

Leary, M. R., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (in press).  The relationship of instrumentality and expressivity to sexual behavior in males and females.  Sex Roles.

Lewis, R. A.  (1980).  Emotional intimacy among men.  In T. M. Skovholt, P. G. Schauble, & R. Davis (Eds.),  Counseling men (pp. 79-91).  Monterey, California:  Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.

Love, R., Sloan, L., & Schmidt,  M.  (1976).  Viewing pornography and sex guilt:  The priggish, the prudent, and the profligate.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 44, 624-629.

Maddox, J. M.  (1976).  Sexual health:  An enrichment and treatment program.  In D. H. Olson (ed.),  Treating relationships.  Lake Mills, Iowa:  Graphic Publishing.

Mark, M. M., & Miller, M. L.  (1986).  The effects of sexual permissiveness, target gender, subject gender, and attitude toward women on social perception:  In search of the double standard.  Sex Roles, 15, 311-322.

Mosher, D. L.  (1965).  Interaction of fear and guilt in inhibiting unacceptable behavior.  Journal of Consulting Psychology, 29, 161-167.

Mosher, D. L.  (1966).  The development and multitrait-multimethod matrix analysis of three measures of three aspects of guilt.  Journal of Consulting Psychology, 30, 25-29.

Mosher, D. L.  (1973).  Sex differences, sex experiences, sex guilt, and explicitly sexual films.  Journal of Social Issues, 29, 95-112.

Mosher, D. L.  (1979).  Sex guilt and sex myths in college men and women.  Journal of Sex Research, 15, 224-234.

Mosher, D. L., & O'Grady, K. E.  (1979).  Homosexual threat, negative attitudes toward masturbation, sex guilt, and males' sexual and affective reactions to explicit sexual films.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, 860-873.

Nurius, P. S., & Hudson, W. W.  (1988).  Sexual activity and preferences:  Six quantifiable dimensions.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 30-46.

Peplau, L. A., Rubin, Z., & Hill, C. T.  (1977).  Sexual intimacy in dating relationships.  Journal of Social Issues, 33, 86-109.

Przybyla, D. P. J., Byrne, D., & Allgeier, E. R.  (1988).  Sexual attitudes as correlates of sexual details in human figure drawing.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 17, 99-105.

Rosenbaum, S.  (1970).  Pretended orgasm.  Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, 4, 84, 88-91, 95-96.

Schwarz, N., & Brank, J. F.  (1983).  Effects of salience of rape on sex role attitudes, trust, and self-esteem in non-raped women.  European Journal of Social Psychology, 13, 71-76.

Selby, A., Calhoun, L., & Brock, T.  (1977).  Sex differences in the social perception of rape victims.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 3, 412-415.

Shotland, R. L., & Craig, J. M.  (1988).  Can men and women differentiate between friendly and sexually interested behavior.  Social Psychology Quarterly, 51, 66-73.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986).  The Masculine Role Inventory:  Components and correlates.  Sex Roles, 15, 443-455.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1987).  The impact of the masculine role on women's and men's sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Manuscript in preparation.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Clark, L. V.  (1987, April).  Sexual self disclosure to parents and friends.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1986a).  The masculine role as a moderator of stress-distress relationships.  Sex Roles, 15, 359-366.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1986b). The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale (SAMSS):  Components, correlates, antecedents, consequences, and counselor bias.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Document, 16, 9.  (Ms. No. 2746)

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1987).  Alcohol and drug use in stressful times:  The influence of the masculine role and sex-related personality attributes.  Sex Roles, 16, 359-374.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., Papini, D. R., & Clark, S.  (1988, April).  Development and validation of the Sexual Self-Disclosure Scale (SSDS).  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Tulsa, OK.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Hawkins, R. C. II., & Belk, S. S.  (in press).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.

Werner, P. D.  (1988).  Personality correlates of reproductive knowledge.  Journal of Sex Research, 25, 219-234.

Zilbergeld, B.  (1978).  Male sexuality:  A guide to sexual fulfillment.  Boston:  Little, Brown.


Chapter 2 – References
 

NONE
 

Chapter 3 – References
 

Abbey, A.  (1982).  Sex differences in attributions for friendly behavior:  Do males misperceive females' friendliness?  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42, 830-838.

Allgeier, E. R., & Allgeier, A. R.  (1988).  Sexual interactions (2nd Ed.).  Lexington, Mass.:  Health.

Bailey, W. C., Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1987).  Relation of sex and gender role to love, sexual attitudes, and self-esteem.  Sex Roles, 16, 637-648.

Beck, A. T.  (1976).   Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders.  New York:  Meridian.

Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J., & Erbaugh, J.  (1961).  An inventory for measuring depression.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 4, 561-571.

D'Augelli, J. F.,  & Cross, H. J.   (1975).  Relationship of sex guilt and moral reasoning to premarital sex in college women and in couples.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 43, 40-47.

Fisher, T. D., & Hall, R. G.  (1988).  A scale for the comparison of the sexual attitudes of adolescents and their parents.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 90-100.

Fisher, W. A., Byrne, D., White, L. A., & Kelley, K.  (1988).  Erotophobia-erotophilia as a dimension of personality.  Journal of Sex Research, 25, 123-151.

Gerrard, M.  (1987).  Sex, sex guilt, and contraceptive use revised:  The 1980s.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 975-980.

Hendrick, S. S., & Hendrick, C.  (1987).  Multidimensionality of sexual attitudes.  Journal of Sex Research, 23, 502-526.

Hendrick, S. S., Hendrick, C., Slapion-Foote, M. J., & Foote, F. H.  (1985).  Gender differences in sexual attitudes.   Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1630-1642.

Hughes, T. G., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1990).  Communal and exchange approaches to sexual relations.  Annals of Sex Research, 3, 149-164.

Janda, L. H.,  & O'Grady, K. E.  (1980).  Development of a sex anxiety inventory.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 48, 169-175.

Leary, M. R., & Dobbins, S. E.  (1983).  Social anxiety, sexual behavior, and contraceptive use.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1347-1354.

Lefcourt, H. M.  (1976).  Locus of control:  Current trends in theory and research.  Hillsdale, NJ:  Erlbaum.

Lefcourt, H. M.  (1980).  The construction and development of the Multidimensional-Multiattributional Causality Scales.  In H. M. Lefcourt (Ed.), Advances and innovations in locus of control research.  New York:  Academic Press.

Lefcourt, H. M., Miller, R. S., Ware, E. E., & Sherk, D.  (1981).  Locus of control as a modifier of the relationship between stressors and moods.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41, 357-369.

Mosher, D. L.  (1966).  The development and multitrait-multimethod matrix analysis of three measures of three aspects of guilt.  Journal of Consulting Psychology, 30, 25-29.

Mosher, D. L.  (1973).  Sex differences, sex experiences, sex guilt, and explicitly sexual films.  Journal of Social Issues, 29, 95-112.

Mosher, D. L.  (1979).  Sex guilt and sex myths in college men and women.  Journal of Sex Research, 15, 224-234.

Mosher, D. L., & O'Grady, K. E.  (1979).  Homosexual threat, negative attitudes toward masturbation, sex guilt, and males' sexual and affective reactions to explicit sexual films.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, 860-873.

Rosenberg, M.  (1965).  Society and the adolescent self image.  Princeton, NJ:  Princeton University Press.

Schwarz, N., & Brank, J. F.  (1983).  Effects of salience of rape on sex role attitudes, trust, and self-esteem in non-raped women.  European Journal of Social Psychology, 13, 71-76.

Selby, A., Calhoun, L., & Brock, T.  (1977).  Sex differences in the social perception of rape victims.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 3, 412-415.

Shotland, R. L., & Craig, J. M.  (1988).  Can men and women differentiate between friendly and sexually interested behavior.  Social Psychology Quarterly, 51, 66-73.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986).  The Masculine Role Inventory:  Components and correlates.  Sex Roles, 15, 443-455.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1991).  The impact of the masculine role on women's and men's sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Manuscript in preparation.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1986a).  The masculine role as a moderator of stress-distress relationships.  Sex Roles, 15, 359-366.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1986b). The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale (SAMSS):  Components, correlates, antecedents, consequences, and counselor bias.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Document, 16, 9.  (Ms. No. 2746)

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1987).  Alcohol and drug use in stressful times:  The influence of the masculine role and sex-related personality attributes.  Sex Roles, 16, 359-374.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C.  II  (1990).  Cognitive beliefs about male sexuality:  The impact of gender roles and counselor perspectives.  Journal of Rational-Emotive Therapy, 8, 249-265.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., Papini, D. R., & Clark, S.  (1989).  Development and validation of the Sexual Self-Disclosure Scale.  Annals of Sex Research, 2, 307-334.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P.  (in press).  Interpersonal strategies associated with the discussion of AIDS.  Annals of Sex Research.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P.  (1990).  [Reliability and validity of the AIDS Empathy Scale].  Unpublished raw data.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher, T. D., & Miller, R.  (1990).  Development of the Sexual Awareness Questionnaire:  Components, reliability, and validity.  Submitted for publication.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Hawkins, R. C. II., & Belk, S. S.  (1988).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 42-48.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Papini, D. R.  (1989).  The Sexuality Scale:  An instrument to measure sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 26, 256-263.

Snyder, M.  (1974).  Self-monitoring of expressive behavior.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30,  526-537.

Snyder, M.  (1979).  Self-monitoring processes.  In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology ,Vol. 12 (pp. 85-128).  New York:  Academic Press.

Snyder, M.  (1987)   Public appearances:  Private realities.  New York:  W. H. Freeman and Company.

Spence, J. T., & Helmreich, R. L.  (1978).  Masculinity and femininity:  Their psychological dimensions, correlates, and antecedents.  Austin, TX:  University of Texas Press.

Twentyman, C. T., & McFall, R. M.  (1975).  Behavioral training of social skills in shy males.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 43, 384-395.


Chapter 4 – References
 

Abbey, A.  (1982).  Sex differences in attributions for friendly behavior:  Do males misperceive females' friendliness?  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42, 830-838.

Abbey, A., Cozzarelli, C., McLaughlin, K., & Harnish, R. J.  (1987).  The effects of clothing and dyad sex composition on perceptions of sexual intent:  Do women and men evaluate these cues differently?  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 106-126.

Abbey, A., & Melby, C.  (1986).  The effects of nonverbal cues on gender differences in perceptions of sexual intent.  Sex Roles, 15, 283-298.

Abrahamson, D. J., Barlow, D. H., Beck, J. G., Sakheim, D. K., & Kelly, J. P.  (1985).  The effects of attentional focus and partner responsiveness on sexual responding:  Replication and extension.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 14, 361-371.

Allgeier, E. R., & Allgeier, A. R.  (1988).  Sexual interactions (2nd ed.).  Lexington, Mass.:  Health.

Bailey, W. C., Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1987).  Relation of sex and gender role to love, sexual attitudes, and self-esteem.  Sex Roles, 16, 637-648.

Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J., & Erbaugh, J.  (1961).  An inventory for measuring depression.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 4, 561-571.

Beck, A. T.  (1976).   Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders.  New York:  Meridian.

Beck, J. G., Barlow, D. H., & Sakheim, D. K.  (1983).  The effects of attentional focus and partner arousal on sexual responding in functional and dysfunctional men.  Behavioral Research and Therapy, 21, 1-8.

Burt, M. R.  (1980).  Cultural myths and supports for rape.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 217-230.

Carlson, M. I., Julsonnet, S., & Muehlenhard, C. L.  (1988).  Sexual assertiveness:  Increasing women's skills in refusing unwanted sexual advances.  Paper presented at the Western Region meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sex, Dallas, TX.

Clark, M.S., Ouellette, R., Powell, M.C., & Milberg, S.  (1987).  Recipient's mood, relationship type, and helping',  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology   53:   94-103.

Clark, M. S., Taraban, C., Ho, J., & Wesner, K.  (1989)  A measure of exchange orientation.  Unpublished manuscript, Carnegie Mellon University.

Fenigstein, A., Scheier, M. F., & Buss, A.  (1975).  Public and private self-consciousness:  Assessment and theory.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,  43,  522-527.

Fisher, T. D.  (1986).  Parent-child communication about sex and young adolescents' sexual knowledge and attitudes.  Adolescence, 83, 517-527.

Fisher, T. D.  (1987).  Family communication and the sexual behavior and attitudes of college students.  Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 5, 481-495.

Fisher, T. D., & Hall, R. G.  (1988).  A scale for the comparison of the sexual attitudes of adolescents and their parents.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 90-100.

Fisher, W. A., Byrne, D., White, L. A., & Kelley, K.  (1988).  Erotophobia-erotophilia as a dimension of personality.  Journal of Sex Research, 25, 123-151.

Fisher, W. A., Byrne, D., & White, L. A.  (1983).  Emotional barriers to contraceptions.  In D. Byrne & W. A. Fisher (Eds.), Adolescents, sex, and contraception (pp. 207-239).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Erlbaum.

Gerrard, M.  (1987).  Sex, sex guilt, and contraceptive use revised:  The 1980s.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 975-980.

Hendrick, S.  (1988).  A generic measure of relationship satisfaction.  Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50, 93-98.

Hendrick, C., Hendrick, S., Slapion-Foote, M. J., & Foote, F. H.  (1985).  Gender differences in sexual attitudes.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1630-1642.

Hendrick, S. S., & Hendrick, C.  (1987).  Multidimensionality of sexual attitudes.  Journal of Sex Research, 23, 502-526.

Herold, E. S., & Way, L.  (1988).  Sexual self-disclosure among university women.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 1-14.

Hughes, T. G., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1990).  Communal and exchange approaches to sexual relations.  Annals of Sex Research,3 , 149-164.

Janda, L. H.,  & O'Grady, K. E.  (1980).  Development of a sex anxiety inventory.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 48, 169-175.

Kaplan, H. S.  (1974).  The new sex therapy:  Active treatment of sexual dysfunctions.  Brunner/Maazel:  New York.

Kaplan, H. S.  (1979).  Disorders of sexual desire.  Brunner/Maazel:  New York.

Larsen, K. S., & Long, E.  (1988).  Attitudes toward rape.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 299-304.

Leary, M. R., & Dobbins, S. E.  (1983).  Social anxiety, sexual behavior, and contraceptive use.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1347-1354.

Lefcourt, H. M.  (1980).  The construction and development of the Multidimensional-Multiattributional Causality Scales.  In H. M. Lefcourt (Ed.), Advances and innovations in locus of control research.  New York:  Academic Press.

Maddox, J. M.  (1976).  Sexual health:  An enrichment and treatment program.  In D. H. Olson (ed.),  Treating relationships.  Lake Mills, Iowa:  Graphic Publishing.

Master, W. H., & Johnson, V. E.  (1970).  Human sexual inadequacy.  Little, Brown:  Boston, MA.

Miller, L. C., Murphy, R., & Buss, A.  (1981).  Consciousness of body:  Private and public.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,  41, 397-406.

Mosher, D. L.  (1965).  Interaction of fear and guilt in inhibiting unacceptable behavior.  Journal of Consulting Psychology, 29, 161-167.

Mosher, D. L.  (1966).  The development and multitrait-multimethod matrix analysis of three measures of three aspects of guilt.  Journal of Consulting Psychology, 30, 25-29.

Mosher, D. L.  (1973).  Sex differences, sex experiences, sex guilt, and explicitly sexual films.  Journal of Social Issues, 29, 95-112.

Mosher, D. L.  (1977).  The gestalt awareness-expression cycle as a model for sex therapy.  Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 3, 229-242.

Mosher, D. L.  (1979a).  Sex guilt and sex myths in college men and women.  Journal of Sex Research, 15, 224-234.

Mosher, D. L.  (1979b).  Awareness in gestalt sex therapy.  Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 5, 41-56.

Mosher, D. L., & O'Grady, K. E.  (1979).  Homosexual threat, negative attitudes toward masturbation, sex guilt, and males' sexual and affective reactions to explicit sexual films.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, 860-873.

Rosenberg, M.  (1965).  Society and the adolescent self image.  Princeton, NJ:  Princeton University Press.

Sakheim, D. K., Barlow, D. H., Beck, J. G., & Abrahamson, D. J.  (1984).  The effect of spectatoring on subjective and physiological sexual arousal and the concordance of these response systems.  Behavioral Research and Therapy, 22, 151-158.

Shields, S. A., Mallory, M. E., & Simon, A.  (1989).  The Body Awareness Questionnaire:  Reliability and validity.  Journal of Personality Assessment, 53, 802-815.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C.  II  (1990).  Cognitive beliefs about male sexuality:  The impact of gender roles and counselor perspectives.  Journal of Rational-Emotive Therapy, 8, 249-265.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1986b).  The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale (SAMSS):  Components, correlates, antecedents, consequences, and counselor bias.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Document, 16, 9.  (Ms. No. 2746)

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., Papini, D. R., & Clark, S.  (1989).  Development and validation of the Sexual Self-Disclosure Scale.  Annals of Sex Research, 2, 307-334.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P.  (1989, April).  Interpersonal strategies associated with the discussion of AIDS.  Paper presented at the 35th annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Houston, TX.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P.  (1990).  [Reliability and validity of the AIDS Empathy Scale].  Unpublished raw data.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Hawkins, R. C. II., & Belk, S. S.  (1988).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 42-48.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Papini, D. R.  (1989).  The Sexuality Scale:  An instrument to measure sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 26, 256-263.

Snyder, M.  (1974).  Self-monitoring of expressive behavior.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30,  526-537.

Snyder, M.  (1979).  Self-monitoring processes.  In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology ,Vol. 12 (pp. 85-128).  New York:  Academic Press.Snyder, M.  (1987)   Public appearances:  Private realities.  New York:  W. H. Freeman and Company.

Twentyman, C. T., & McFall, R. M.  (1975).  Behavioral training of social skills in shy males.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 43, 384-395.


Chapter 5 – References

Clark, M. S.  (1981).  Noncomparability of benefits given and received:  A cue to the existence of friendship.  Social Psychology Quarterly, 44, 375-381.

Clark, M. S.  (1983a).  Some implications of close social bonds for help-seeking.  In B. M. DePaulo, A. Nadler, & J. D. Fisher (Eds.), New directions in helping, vol. 2:  Help seeking.  New York:  Academic Press.

Clark, M. S.  (1983b).  Reactions to aid in communal and exchange relationships.  In B. M. DePaulo, A. Nadler, & J. D. Fisher (Eds.), New directions in helping, vol. 2:  Recipient reactions to aid.  New York:  Academic Press.

Clark, M. S.  (1984a).  A distinction between two types of relationships and its implications for development.  In J. C. Masters & K. Yarkin-Levin (Eds.), Boundary areas in social and developmental psychology.  New York:  Academic Press.

Clark, M.S. (1984b).  Record keeping in two types of relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47, 549-557.

Clark, M.S. (1986).  Evidence for the effectiveness of manipulations  of desire for communal and exchange relationships.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 12, 414-425.

Clark, M.S., & Mills, J. (1979).  Interpersonal attraction in exchange and communal relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 12-24.

Clark, M.S., Mills, J., & Powell, M. (1986).  Keeping track of needs in exchange and communal relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 333-338.

Clark, M.S., Ouellette, R., Powell, M.C., & Milberg, S.  (1987).  Recipient's mood, relationship type, and helping.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 94-103.

Clark, M. S., Taraban, C., Ho, J., & Wesner, K.  (1989).  A measure of exchange orientation.  Unpublished manuscript, Carnegie Mellon University.

Clark, M. S., & Waddell, B.  (1985).  Perceptions of exploitation in communal and exchange relationships.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2, 403-418.

Hendrick, S. S.  (1988).  A generic measure of relationship satisfaction.  Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50, 93-98.

Ickes, W., & Barnes, R. D.  (1976).  Boys and girls together--and alienated:  On enacting stereotyped sex roles in mixed-sex dyads.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 69-683.

Ickes, W., & Barnes, R. D.  (1977).  The role of sex and self-monitoring in unstructured dyadic interactions.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 315-330.

Mills, J., & Clark, M. S.  (1982).  Exchange and communal relationships.  In L. Wheeler (Ed.), Review of personality and social psychology.  Beverly Hills:  Sage.

Mills, J., & Clark, M. S.  (1986).  Communications that should lead to perceived exploitation in communal and exchange relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 4, 225-234.

Murstein, B. I., & Azar, J. A. (1986).  The relationship of exchange orientation to friendship intensity, roommate compatibility, anxiety and friendship.  Small Group Behavior, 17, 3-17.

Snyder, M.  (1974).  Self-monitoring of expressive behavior.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30, 526-537.

Snyder, M.  (1979).  Self-monitoring processes.  In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 12).  New York:  Academic Press.

Snyder, M., Berscheid, E., & Glick, P.  (1985).  Focusing on the exterior and the interior:  Two investigations of the initiation of personal relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1427-1439.

Snyder, M., Gangestad, S., & Simpson, J. A.  (1983).  Choosing friends as activity partners:  The role of self-monitoring.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1061-1072.

Swap, W. C., & Rubin, J. Z.  (1983).  Measurement of interpersonal orientation.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 208-219.

Zilbergeld, B.  (1978).  Male sexuality.  New York:  Bantam Books, Inc.


Chapter 6 – References

Adler, N. L., & Hendricks, S. S. (1991). Relationships between contraceptive behavior and love attitudes, sex attitudes and self esteem.  Journal of Counseling and Development, 70, 302-308.

Burger, J. M., & Inderbitzen, H. M. (1985). Predictive contraceptive behavior among college students: The  role of communication, knowledge, sexual anxiety, and self esteem.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 14, 343-350.

Helminiak, D. A. (1989). Self esteem, sexual self acceptance , and spirituality.  Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 15, 200-210.

MacCorquodale, P., & Delamater, J. (1979). Self esteem, sexual self acceptance, and spirituality.  Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 15, 200-210.

McCarthy, B. W. (1987). The effects of sexual guilt, humiliation, and rejection on sexual functioning.  Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 13, 859-866.

Morrison, D. M. (1985). Adolescent contraceptive behavior:  A review.  Psychological Bulletin, 98, 538-568.

Rains, P. M. (1971). Becoming an unwed mother. Chicago:  Aldine.

Reis, J. & Herz, E. J. (1989). An examination of young adolescents' knowledge of and attitude toward sexuality according to perceived contraceptive responsibility.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 19, 231-250.

Reiss, I. L., Banwart, A., & Foreman, H. (1975).  Premarital contraceptive usage:  A study and some theoretical explorations.  Journal of Marriage and The Family, 37, 619-630.

Rosenberg, M. (1965).  Society and the adolescent self-image.  Princeton, NJ:  Princeton University Press.

Snell, W. E., Belk, S. S., Papini, D. R., & Clark, S.  (1989).  Developmental and validation of the Sexual Self Disclosure Scale.  Annals of Sex Research, 2, 307-334.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher, T. D., & Schuh, T. (1992).  Reliability and validity of the sexual scale:  A measure of sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research,  29, 261-273.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Papini, D. R. (1989).  The Sexuality Scale:  An instrument to measure sexual esteem, sexual depression, and sexual preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 26, 256-263.

Strassberg, D. L. & Mahoney, M. M. (1988). Correlates of the contraceptive behavior of adolescents/young adults.  Journal of Sex Research, 25, 531-536.

Visher, S. (1986).  The relationship of locus of control and contraception use in the adolescent population.  Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 7, 183-189.

Walsh, A. (1991). Self-esteem and sexual behavior:  Exploring gender differences.  Sex Roles, 25, 441-449.

Walsh, A. & Balazs, G. J. (1990). Love, sex, and self-esteem.  Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology, 18, 37-41.

Willemsen, E. W. (1987). Sex role orientation, self esteem, and uniqueness: An exploration of the undifferentiated category.  Psychological Reports, 60, 859-866.

Winter, L. (1988).  The role of sexual self-concept in the use of contraception.  Family Planning Perspectives, 20, 123-127.

Zuckerman, M., Tushop, R., & Finner, S. (1976).  Sexual attitudes and experience:  Attitude and personality correlates and changes produced by a course in sexuality.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 44, 7-19.


Chapter 7 – References

Abrahamson, D. J., Barlow, D. H., Beck, J. G., Sakheim, D. K., & Kelly, J. P.  (1985).  The effects of attentional focus and partner responsiveness on sexual responding:  Replication and extension.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 14, 361-371.

Adler, N. L., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1991).  Relationships between contraceptive behavior and love attitudes, sex attitudes, and self-esteem.  Journal of Counseling and Development, 70, 302-308.

Allgeier, E. R., & Allgeier, A. R.  (1991).  Sexual interactions (3rd ed.).  Lexington, Mass.:  Health.

Bailey, W. C., Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1987).  Relation of sex and gender role to love, sexual attitudes, and self-esteem.  Sex Roles, 16, 637-648.

Beck, A. T.  (1976).   Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders.  New York:  Meridian.

Beck, J. G., Barlow, D. H., & Sakheim, D. K.  (1983).  The effects of attentional focus and partner arousal on sexual responding in functional and dysfunctional men.  Behavioral Research Therapy, 21, 1-8.

Burt, M. R.  (1980).  Cultural myths and supports for rape.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 217-230.

Buss, A. H.  (1980).  Self-consciousness and social anxiety.  San Francisco:  Freeman.

Byrne, D.  (1983).  The antecedents, correlates, and consequents of erotophobia-erotophilia.  In C. Davis (Ed.), Challenges in sexual science:  Current theoretical issues and research advances (pp. 54-75).  Philadelphia:  Society for the Scientific Study of Sex.

Carlson, M. I., Julsonnet, S., & Muehlenhard, C. L.  (1988).  Sexual assertiveness:  Increasing women's skills in refusing unwanted sexual advances.  Paper presented at the Western Region meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sex, Dallas, TX.

Clark, M.S., Ouellette, R., Powell, M.C., & Milberg, S.  (1987).  Recipient's mood, relationship type, and helping',  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53,  94-103.

Clark, M. S., Taraban, C., Ho, J., & Wesner, K.  (1989).  A measure of exchange orientation.  Unpublished manuscript, Carnegie Mellon University.

Collins, J. E., & Clark, L. E.  (1989).  Responsibility and rumination:  The trouble with understanding the dissolution of a relationship.  Social Cognition, 7, 152-173.

Cowert-Steckler, D., & Pollack, R. H.  (1988).  The Cowart-Steckler Scale of Sexual Experience.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Sexuality-related measures:  A compendium.  Lake Mills, IA:  Graphic Publishing Company.

Crowne, D. P., & Marlowe, D.  (1961).  A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology.  Journal of Consulting Psychology, 24, 349-354.

Fenigstein, A., Scheier, M. F., & Buss, A.  (1975).  Public and private self-consciousness:  Assessment and theory.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,  43,  522-527.

Fisher, T. D.  (1986).  Parent-child communication about sex and young adolescents' sexual knowledge and attitudes.  Adolescence, 83, 517-527.

Fisher, T. D.  (1987).  Family communication and the sexual behavior and attitudes of college students.  Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 5, 481-495.

Fisher, T. D., & Hall, R. G.  (1988).  A scale for the comparison of the sexual attitudes of adolescents and their parents.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 90-100.

Fisher, W. A.  (1986).  A psychological approach to human sexuality:  The sexual behavior sequence.  In D. Byrne & K. Kelley (Eds.), Alternative approaches to the study of sexual behavior (pp. 131-171).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Erlbaum.

Fisher, W. A., Byrne, D., & White, L. A.  (1983).  Emotional barriers to contraceptions.  In D. Byrne & W. A. Fisher (Eds.), Adolescents, sex, and contraception (pp. 207-239).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Erlbaum.

Fisher, W. A., Byrne, D., White, L. A., & Kelley, K.  (1988).  Erotophobia-erotophilia as a dimension of personality.  Journal of Sex Research, 25, 123-151.

Fisher, W. A., & Gray, J.  (1988).  Erotophobia-erotophilia and sexual behavior during pregnancy and postpartum.  Journal of Sex Research, 25, 379-396.

Gerrard, M.  (1987).  Sex, sex guilt, and contraceptive use revised:  The 1980s.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 975-980.

Gilligan, C.  (1982).  In a different voice.  Cambridge, MA:  Harvard University Press.

Hendrick, S. S.  (1988).  A generic measure of relationship satisfaction.  Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50, 93-98.

Hendrick, S. S., & Hendrick, C.  (1987).  Multidimensionality of sexual attitudes.  Journal of Sex Research, 23, 502-526.

Hendrick, S. S., Hendrick, C., Slapion-Foote, M. J., & Foote, F. H.  (1985).  Gender differences in sexual attitudes.   Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1630-1642.

Herold, E. S., & Way, L.  (1988).  Sexual self-disclosure among university women.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 1-14.

Hughes, T. G., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1990).  Communal and exchange approaches to sexual relations.  Annals of Sex Research, 3 , 149-164.

Hurlbert, D. F., & Apt, C.  (1991).  Sexual narcissism and the abusive male.  Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 17, 279-292.

Janda, L. H., & O'Grady, K. E.  (1980).  Development of a sex anxiety inventory.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 48, 169-175.

Kaplan, H. S.  (1974).  The new sex therapy:  Active treatment of sexual dysfunctions.  Brunner/Maazel:  New York.

Kaplan, H. S.  (1979).  Disorders of sexual desire.  Brunner/Maazel:  New York.

Larsen, K. S., & Long, E.  (1988).  Attitudes toward rape.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 299-304.

Leary, M. R., & Dobbins, S. E.  (1983).  Social anxiety, sexual behavior, and contraceptive use.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1347-1354.

Lefcourt, H. M.  (1980).  The construction and development of the Multidimensional-Multiattributional Causality Scales.  In H. M. Lefcourt (Ed.), Advances and innovations in locus of control research.  New York:  Academic Press.

Levenson, H.  (1974).  Activism and powerful others:  Distinctions within the concept of internal-external control.  Journal of Personality Assessment, 38, 377-383.

Maddox, J. M.  (1976).  Sexual health:  An enrichment and treatment program.  In D. H. Olson (Ed.),  Treating relationships.  Lake Mills, Iowa:  Graphic Publishing.

Mazer, D. B., & Percival, E. F.  (1989).  Ideology or experience?  The relationships among perceptions, attitudes, and experiences of sexual harassment in university students.  Sex Roles, 20, 135-147.

McAdams, D. P.  (1985).  Power, intimacy, and the life story:  Personological inquiries into identity.  Chicago:  Dorsey Press.

Miller, L. C., Murphy, R., & Buss, A.  (1981).  Consciousness of body:  Private and public.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,  41, 397-406.

Mosher, D. L.  (1965).  Interaction of fear and guilt in inhibiting unacceptable behavior.  Journal of Consulting Psychology, 29, 161-167.

Mosher, D. L.  (1966).  The development and multitrait-multimethod matrix analysis of three measures of three aspects of guilt.  Journal of Consulting Psychology, 30, 25-29.

Mosher, D. L.  (1968).  Measurement of guilt in females by self-report inventories.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 32, 690-695.

Mosher, D. L.  (1973).  Sex differences, sex experiences, sex guilt, and explicitly sexual films.  Journal of Social Issues, 29, 95-112.

Mosher, D. L.  (1977).  The gestalt awareness-expression cycle as a model for sex therapy.  Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 3, 229-242.

Mosher, D. L.  (1979a).  Sex guilt and sex myths in college men and women.  Journal of Sex Research, 15, 224-234.

Mosher, D. L.,  (1979b).  The meaning and measurement of guilt.  In C. E. Izard (Ed.), Emotions in personality and psychopathology.  New York:  Plenum Press.

Mosher, D. L.  (1979c).  Awareness in gestalt sex therapy.  Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 5, 41-56.

Mosher, D. L., & O'Grady, K. E.  (1979).  Homosexual threat, negative attitudes toward masturbation, sex guilt, and males' sexual and affective reactions to explicit sexual films.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, 860-873.

Rosenberg, M.  (1965).  Society and the adolescent self image.  Princeton, NJ:  Princeton University Press.

Sakheim, D. K., Barlow, D. H., Beck, J. G., & Abrahamson, D. J.  (1984).  The effect of spectatoring on subjective and physiological sexual arousal and the concordance of these response systems.  Behavioral Research Therapy, 22, 151-158.

Scanzoni, J., & Arnett, C.  (1987).  Enlarging the understanding of marital commitment via religious devoutness, gender role preferences, and locus of marital control.  Journal of Family Issues, 8, 136-156.

Shields, S. A., Mallory, M. E., & Simon, A.  (1989).  The Body Awareness Questionnaire:  Reliability and validity.  Journal of Personality Assessment, 53, 802-815.

Simpson, J. A., & Gangestad, S. W.  (1991a).  Personality and sexuality:  Empirical relations and an integrative theoretical model.  In K. McKinney & S. Sprecher (Eds.), Sexuality in close relationships (pp. 71-92).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum.

Simpson, J. A., & Gangestad, S. W.  (1991b).  Individual differences in sociosexuality:  Evidence for convergent and discriminant validity.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 870-883.

Simpson, J. A., & Gangestad, S. W.  (1992).  Sociosexuality and romantic partner choice.  Journal of Personality, 60, 31-51.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986).  The Masculine Role Inventory:  Components and correlates.  Sex Roles, 15, 443-455.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1992).  The impact of the masculine role on women's and men's sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Manuscript in preparation.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1986a).  The masculine role as a moderator of stress-distress relationships.  Sex Roles, 15, 359-366.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1986b). The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale (SAMSS):  Components, correlates, antecedents, consequences, and counselor bias.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Document, 16, 9.  (Ms. No. 2746)

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1987).  Alcohol and drug use in stressful times:  The influence of the masculine role and sex-related personality attributes.  Sex Roles, 16, 359-374.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C.  II  (1990).  Cognitive beliefs about male sexuality:  The impact of gender roles and counselor perspectives.  Journal of Rational-Emotive Therapy, 8, 249-265.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., Papini, D. R., & Clark, S.  (1989).  Development and validation of the Sexual Self-Disclosure Scale.  Annals of Sex Research, 2, 307-334.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P. D.  (1990).  Interpersonal strategies associated with the discussion of AIDS.  Annals of Sex Research, 3, 425-451.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher, T. D., & Miller, R. S.  (1991).  Development of the Sexual Awareness Questionnaire:  Components, reliability, and validity.  Annals of Sex Research, 4, 65-92.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher, T. D., & Schuh, T.  (1992).  Reliability and validity of the Sexuality Scale:  A measure of sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 29, 261-273.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Hawkins, R. C. II., & Belk, S. S.  (1988).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 42-48.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Papini, D. R.  (1989).  The Sexuality Scale:  An instrument to measure sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 26, 256-263.

Snyder, M.  (1974).  Self-monitoring of expressive behavior.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30,  526-537.

Snyder, M.  (1979).  Self-monitoring processes.  In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology , Vol. 12 (pp. 85-128).  New York:  Academic Press.

Snyder, M., Simpson, J. A., & Gangestad, S.  (1986).  Personality and sexual relations.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 181-190.

Walkey, F. H.  (1979).  Internal control, powerful others, and change:  A confirmation of Levenson's factor structure.  Journal of Personality Assessment, 43, 532-535.

Wiederman, M. W., & Allgeier, E. R.  (1993).  The measurement of sexual-esteem:  Investigation of Snell and Papini's (1989) Sexuality Scale.  Journal of Research in Personality, 27, 88-102.

           Zuckerman, M.  (1988).  Human Sexuality Questionnaire.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Sexuality-related measures:  A compendium.  Lake Mills, IA:  Graphic Publishing Company.



Chapter 8 – References

Beck, A. T.  (1970).  Cognitive therapy.  Behavior Therapy, 1, 184-200.

Beck, A. T.  (1976).  Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders.  New York:  Meridian Books.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (in press).  Avoidance strategy use in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.

Brooks-Gunn, J., & Fisch, M.  (1980).  Psychological androgyny and college students' judgements of mental health.  Sex Roles, 6, 575-580.

Broverman, I. K., Broverman, D. M., Clarkson, F. E., Rosenkrantz, P. S., & Vogel, S. R.  (1970).  Sex-role stereotypes and clinical judgments of mental health.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 34, 1-7.

Broverman, I., Vogel, S. R., Broverman, D. M., Clarkson, F. E., & Rosenkrantz, P. S.  (1972).  Sex-role stereotypes:  A current appraisal.  Journal of Social Issues, 28, 59-78.

Ellis, A., & Harper, R.  (1978).  A new guide to rational living.  Wilshire Book Company:  N. Hollywood, California.

Fabrikant, B., Landau, D., & Rollenhagen, J.  (1973).  Perceived female sex role attributes and psychotherapists' sex role expectations for female patients.  New Jersey Psychologists, 23, 1-16.

Falbo, T., & Peplau, L. A.  (1980).  Power strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 537-547.

Gagnon, J.  (1977).  Human sexualities.  Glenview, IL:  Scott, Foresman and Company.

Gagnon, J., & Simon, W.  (1973).  Sexual conduct:  The social sources of sexuality.  Chicago:  Aldine.

Gross, A. E.  (1978).  The male role and heterosexual behavior.  Journal of Social Issues, 34, 87-107.

Hampton, B., Lambert, F. B., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (in press).  Therapists' judgments of mentally healthy beliefs for women and men.  Journal of Rational-Emotive Therapy.

Jones, E. E., & Zoppel, C. L.  (1982).  Impact of client and therapists gender on psychotherapy process and outcome.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 50, 259-272.

Lazarus, R. S.  (1966).  Psychological stress and the coping process.  New York:  McGraw-Hill.

Mahoney, M. J.  (1974).  Cognition and behavior modification.  Cambridge, Mass.:  Ballinger.

Meichenbaum, D. H.  (1974).  Cognitive behavior modification.  Morristown, NJ: General Learning Press.

Meichenbaum, D. H.  (1977).  Cognitive-behavior modification:  An integrative approach.  New York:  Plenum Press.

McCary, J. L.  (1967).  Human sexuality.  Princeton, NJ:  Van Norstrand Company.

Mosher, D. L.  (1966).  The development and multitrait-multimethod matrix analysis of three measures of three aspects of guilt.  Journal of Consulting Psychology, 30, 25-29.

Mosher, D. L.  (1968).  Measurement of guilt in females by self-report inventories.  Journal of Counsulting and Clnical Psychology, 32, 690-695.

Mosher, D. L.  (1979).  Sex guilt and sex myths in college men and women.  Journal of Sex Research, 15, 224-234.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986a).  Convergent and discriminant validity of the Masculine Role Inventory.  Submitted for publication.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986b).  The Masculine Role Inventory (MRI):  Components and correlates.  Sex Roles.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Belk, S. S.  (1986).  Stereotypes about male heterosexuality:  The impact of the masculine role and sex roles.  Submitted for publication.

Snell, W. E., Jr.,  Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C.  II.  (in press).  The masculine role as a moderator of stress-distress relationships.  Sex Roles.

Snell, W. E., Jr.,  Hawkins, R. C.  II. & Belk, S. S.   (in press).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.

Spence, J. T., & Helmreich, R. L.  (1972).  The Attitudes Toward Women Scale:  An objective instrument ot measure attitudes toward the rights and roles of women in contemporary society.  JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 2, 66-67.

Spence, J. T., Helmreich, R. L., & Sawin, L. L.  (1980).  The Male-Female Relations Questionnaire:  A self-report inventory of sex-role behaviors and preferences and its relationships to masculine and feminine personality traits, sex role attitudes, and other measures.  JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 10. 87.

Wiener, M., Blumberg, A., Segman, S., & Cooper, A.  (1959).  A judgment of adjustments by psychologists, psychiatric social workers, and college students, and its relationship to social desirability.  Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 59, 315-321.

Wilson, G. T.  (1978).  Cognitive behavior therapy:  Paradigm shift or passing phase?  In J. P. Foreyt & D. P. Rathjen (Eds.), Cognitive behavior therapy.  New York:  Plenum Press.

Zilbergeld, B.  (1978).  Male sexuality.  Boston:  Little, Brown.

 


Chapter 9 – References

Beck, A. T.  (1976).  Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders.  New York:  Meridian Books.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1988).  Avoidance strategy use in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 80-96.

Brooks-Gunn, J., & Fisch, M.  (1980).  Psychological androgyny and college students' judgments of mental health.  Sex Roles, 6, 575-580.

Broverman, I. K., Broverman, D. M., Clarkson, F. E., Rosenkrantz, P. S., & Vogel, S. R.  (1970).  Sex-role stereotypes and clinical judgments of mental health.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 34, 1-7.

Broverman, I., Vogel, S. R., Broverman, D. M., Clarkson, F. E., & Rosenkrantz, P. S.  (1972).  Sex-role stereotypes:  A current appraisal.  Journal of Social Issues, 28, 59-78.

Doyle, J. A.  (1989).  The male experience (2nd edition).  Dubuque, IA:  Brown Publishers.

Ellis, A., & Harper, R.  (1978).  A new guide to rational living.  Wilshire Book Company:  N. Hollywood, California.

Fabrikant, B., Landeau, D., & Rollenhagen, J.  (1973).  Perceived female sex role attributes and psychotherapists' sex role expectations for female patients.  New Jersey Psychologists, 23, 1-16.

Falbo, T., & Peplau, L. A.  (1980).  Power strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 537-547.

Fracher, J. C., & Kimmel, M. S.  (1987).  Hard issues and soft spots:  Counseling men about sexuality.  In M. Scher, M. Stevens, G. Good, and G. A. Eichenfield (Eds.), Handbook of counseling and psychotherapy with men (pp. 83-96).  Newbury Park, CA:  Sage.

Gagnon, J.  (1977).  Human sexualities.  Glenview, IL:  Scott, Foresman and Company.

Gagnon, J., & Simon, W.  (1973).  Sexual conduct:  The social sources of sexuality.  Chicago:  Aldine.

Gould, R.  (1982).  Sexual functioning in relation to the changing roles of men.  In K. Solomon & N. Levy (Eds.),  Men in transition:  Theory and therapy (pp.165-173).  New York:  Plenum.

Gross, A. E.  (1978).  The male role and heterosexual behavior.  Journal of Social Issues, 34, 87-107.

Hampton, B., Lambert, F. B., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986).  Therapists' judgments of mentally healthy beliefs for women and men.  Journal of Rational-Emotive Therapy, 4, 169-179.

Herek, G. M.  (1987).  On heterosexual masculinity:  Some phychical consequences of the social construction of gender and sexuality.  In M. S. Kimmel (Ed.), Changing men:  New directions in research on men and masculinity (pp. 68-82).  Newbury Park, CA:  Sage.

Jones, E. E., & Zoppel, C. L.  (1982).  Impact of client and therapist gender on psychotherapy process and outcome.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 50, 259-272.

Meichenbaum, D. H.  (1977).  Cognitive-behavior modification:  An integrative approach.  New York:  Plenum Press.

Mosher, D. L.  (1979).  Sex guilt and sex myths in college men and women.  Journal of Sex Research, 15, 224-234.

Mosher, D. L., & Anderson, R. D.  (1986).  Macho personality, sexual aggression, and reactions to guided imagery of realistic rape.  Journal of Research in Personality, 20, 77-94.

Mosher, D. L., & Sirkin, M.  (1984).  Measuring a macho personality constellation.  Journal of Research in Personality, 18, 150-163.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986a).  Convergent and discriminant validity of the Masculine Role Inventory.  Submitted for publication.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986b).  The Masculine Role Inventory (MRI):  Components and correlates.  Sex Roles, 15, 443-455.

Snell, W. E., Jr.,  Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C.  II.  (1986a).  The masculine role as a moderator of stress-distress relationships.  Sex Roles, 15, 359-366.

Snell, W. E., Jr.,  Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C.  II.  (1986b).  The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale (SAMSS):  Components, correlates, antecedents, consequences, and counselor bias.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Documents, 16, 10.  (Ms. No. 2747)

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Hawkins, R. C.  II  (1985).  Life satisfaction and “irrational” beliefs:  The mediating influence of negative and positive life change.  Journal of Rational-Emotive Therapy, 3, 44-54.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Hawkins, R. C. II, & Belk, S. S.  (1988).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 42-48.

Spence, J. T., & Helmreich, R. L.  (1972).  The Attitudes Toward Women Scale:  An objective instrument of measure attitudes toward the rights and roles of women in contemporary society.  JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 2, 66-67.

Spence, J. T., Helmreich, R. L., & Sawin, L. L.  (1980).  The Male-Female Relations Questionnaire:  A self-report inventory of sex-role behaviors and preferences and its relationships to masculine and feminine personality traits, sex role attitudes, and other measures.  JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 10, 87.

Tiefer, L.  (1987a).  In pursuit of the perfect penis:  The medicalization of male sexuality.  In M. Kimmel (Ed.), Changing men:  New directions in research on men and masculinity (pp. 165-184).  Newbury Park, CA:  Sage.

Tiefer, L.  (1987b).  Social constructionism and the study of human sexuality.  In P. Shaver and C. Hendrick (Eds.), Sex and gender (pp. 70-94).  Newbury Park, CA:  Sage.

Wiener, M., Blumberg, A., Segman, S., & Cooper, A.  (1959).  A judgment of adjustments by psychologists, psychiatric social workers, and college students, and its relationship to social desirability.  Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 59, 315-321.

Zilbergeld, B.  (1978).  Male sexuality.  Boston:  Little, Brown.


Chapter 10 – References

Abler, R. M., & Sedlacek, W. E.  (1989).  Freshman sexual attitudes and behaviors over a 15-year period.  Journal of College Student Development, 30, 201-209.

American College Health Association.  (1986).  AIDS on the college campus:  ACHA special report.  Rockville, MD:  Author.

Acock, A. C., & Ireland, N. K.  (1983).  Attribution of blame in rape cases:  The impact of norm violation, gender, and sex-role attitude.  Sex Roles, 9, 179-193.

Aizenman, M., & Kelley, G.  (1988).  The incidence of violence and acquaintance rape in dating relationships among college men and women.  Journal of College Student Development, 29, 305-311.

Baker, T. C., Burgess, A. W., Brickman, E., & Davis, R. C.  (1990).  Rape victims' concerns about possible exposure to HIV infection.  Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 5, 49-60.

Baldwin, J.D., & Baldwin, J.I.  (1988).  Factors affecting AIDS—related sexual risk—taking behavior among college students.  Journal of Sex Research, 25, 181—196.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986a).  The Beliefs About Women Scale (BAWS):  Scale development and validation.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Documents, 16, 10.  (Ms. No. 2747)

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986b).  Beliefs about women:  Components and correlates.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 12, 403-413.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1989).  Stereotypic beliefs about women as moderators of stress-distress relationships.  Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45, 665-672.

Belk, S. S., Snell, W. E., Jr., Holtzman, W. H., Jr., Garcia-Falconi, R., & Hernandez-Sanchez, J. E.  (1989).  The impact of ethnicity, nationality, therapy orientation, and mental health standards on stereotypic beliefs about women:  A pilot study.  Sex Roles, 21, 671-695.

Biedel, D.C., Turner, S.M., Dancu, C.V.  (1985).  Physiological, cognitive and behavior aspects of social anxiety.  Behavioral Research and Therapy, 23, 109—117.

Bohne, J.  (1986).  AIDS:  Ministry issues for chaplains.  Pastoral Psychology, 34, 173—192.

Borden, L. A., Karr, S. K., & Caldwell-Colbert, A. T.  (1988).  Effects of a university rape prevention program on attitudes and empathy toward rape.  Journal of College Student Development, 29, 132-136.

Bouton, R.A., Gallaher, P.E., Garlinghouse, P.A., Leal, T., Rosenstein, L.D., & Young, R.K.  (1987).  Scales for measuring fear of AIDS and homophobia.  Journal of Personality Assessment, 51, 606—614.

Brooks-Gunn, J., Boyer, C. B., & Hein, K.  (1988).  Preventing HIV infection and AIDS in children and adolescents:  Behavioral research and intervention strategies.  American Psychologist, 43, 958-964.

Buhrke, R. A., & Lustgraaf, M.  (1988).  Date rape awareness program:  A model for educating and consciousness raising.  Journal of College Student Development, 29, 478-479.

Buunk, B.  (1980).  Extramarital sex in the Netherlands:  Motivations in social and marital context.  Alternative Lifestyles, 3, 11-39.

Buunk, B.  (1987).  Conditions that promote break-ups as a consequence of extradyadic involvements.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 5, 237-250.

Burnette, M. M., Redmon, W. K., & Poling, A.  (in press).  Knowledge, attitudes and behavior of American midwestern undergraduates regarding acquired immune deficiency syndrome.  Journal of College Student Development.

Carroll, L.  (1988).  Concern with AIDS and the sexual behavior of college students.  Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50, 405—411.

Center for Disease Control.  (1989).  AIDS Monthly Surveillance Report.  Atlanta, GA.

D'Augelli, A.R., & Kennedy, S.P.  (1989).  An evaluation of AIDS—prevention brochures for university women and men.  AIDS Education and Prevention, 1, 131—140.

DiClemente, R., Zorn, J., & Temoshok, L.  (1986).  Adolescents and AIDS:  A survey of knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about AIDS in San Francisco.  American Journal of Public Health, 76, 1443-1445.

DiClemente, R., Zorn, J., & Temoshok, L.  (1987).  The association of gender, ethnicity, and length of residence in the Bay Area to adolescent's knowledge and attitudes about Aquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 216—230.

Dorman, S.M., & Rienzo, B.A.  (1988).  College students' knowledge of AIDS.  Health Values, 12, 33—38.

Fauci, A. S.  (1988).  The human immunodeficiency virus:  Infectivity and mechanisms of pathogenesis.  Science, 239, 617-622.

Finney, P., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1989, April).  Construction of the AIDS Anxiety Scale.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Houston, TX.

Friedland, G. (1987).  Fear of AIDS.  New York State Journal of Medicine, 87, 260—261.

Gaines, J., Iglar, A. F., Michal, M. L., & Patton, R. D.  (1988).  Attitudes toward AIDS.  Health Values, 12, 53-60.

Gerdes, E. P., Dammann, E. J., & Heilig, K. E..  (1988).  Perceptions of rape victims and assailants:  Effects of physical attractiveness, acquaintance, and subject gender.  Sex Roles, 19, 141-153.

Gilmartin-Zena, P.  (1983).  Attribution theory and rape victim responsibility.  Deviant Behavior, 4, 357-374.

Godwin, L. J., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1990).  Social Reactions to Women's and Men's Sexual Experiences:  The Impact of Casual-Sex and AIDS-related Infidelity.  Unpublished manuscript.

Goodwin, M. P., & Roscoe, B. (1988).  AIDS:  Students' knowledge and attitudes at a midwestern university.  Journal of American College Health, 36, 214—222.

Gray, L.A., & Saracino, M. (1989).  AIDS on campus:  A preliminary study of college students' knowledge and behaviors.  Journal of Counseling and Development, 68, 199—202.

Grieger, I., & Ponterotto, J. G.  (1988).  Students' knowledge of AIDS and their attitudes toward gay men and lesbian women.  Journal of College Student Development, 29, 415-422.

Johnston, M. W., & Manese, J. E.  (1990).  Intervention for AIDS-related concerns:  A professional development workshop for counselors.  Journal of College Student Development, 31, 89-90.

Joseph, J., Montgomery, S., Emmons, C., Kirscht, J., Kessler, R., Ostrow, D., Wortman, C., & O'Brien, K. (1987).  Perceived risks of AIDS:  Assessing the behavioral and psychosocial consequences in a cohort of gay men.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 231—250.

Katzman, E. M., Mulholland, M., & Sutherland, E. M.  (1988).  College students and AIDS:  A preliminary survey of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior.  Journal of American College Health, 37, 127-130.

Kelly, J. A., & St. Lawrence, J. S.  (1988).  AIDS prevention and treatment:  Psychology's role in the health crisis.  Clinical Psychology Reviews, 8, 255-284.

Kelly, J. A., St. Lawrence, J. S., Hood, J. V., Smith, S., Jr., & Cook, D. J.  (1988).  Nurses attitudes toward AIDS.  The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 19, 78-83.

Kelly, J. A., St. Lawrence, J. S., Smith, S., Jr., Hood, H. V., & Cook, D. J.  (1987a).  Stigmatization of AIDS patients by physicians.  American Journal of Public Health, 77, 789-791.

Kelly, J. A., St. Lawrence, J. S., Smith, S., Jr., Hood, H. V., & Cook, D. J.  (1987b).  Medical students' attitudes toward AIDS and homosexual patients.  Journal of Medical Education, 62, 549-556.

Krulewitz, J. E., & & Payne, E. J.  (1978).  Attributions about rape:  Effects of rapist force, observer sex and sex role attitudes.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 8, 291-305.

Liebmann—Smith, R. (1985).  The question of AIDS.  New York:  New York Academy of Sciences.

Leigh, B.C. (1989).  Reasons for having and avoiding sex:  Gender, sexual orientation, and relationship to sexual behavior.  Journal of Sex Research, 25, 181—196.

Lester, D. (1989).  Attitudes toward AIDS.  Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 10, 693—694.

Leventhal, H., Safer, M., & Panagis, D. (1983).  The impact of communications on self—regulation of health beliefs, decisions, and behavior.  Health Education Quarterly, 10, 3—31.

Markova, I., & Wilkie, P. (1987).  Representations, concepts and social change:  The phenomemon of AIDS.  Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 17, 389—409.

Martin, J.L., & Vance, C.S. (1984).  Behavioral and psychosocial factors in AIDS:  Methodological and substantive issues.  American Psychologist, 39, 1303—1308.

Mather, A. (1985).  AIDS Update:  Halting the "epidemic of fear".  Infestion Reports, 2, 1—3.

McKirnan, D.J., & Peterson, P.L. (1989).  AIDS—risk behavior among homosexual males:  The role of attitudes and substance abuse.  Psychology and Health, 3, 161—171.

Miller, B.  (1988).  Date rape:  Time for a new look at prevention.  Journal of College Student Development, 29, 553--555.

Morin, S.F., Charles, K.A., Malyon, A.K. (1984).  The psychological impact of AIDS on gay men.  American Psychologist, 39, 1288—1293.

O'Brien, F.P. (1989).  Work—related fear of AIDS and social desirability response bias.  Psychological Reports, 65, 371—378.

O'Donnell, L., O'Donnell, C.R., Pleck, J.H., Snarey, J., & Rose, R. (1987).  Psychosocial responses of hospital workers to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 269—285.

Pace, D., & Zaugra, J.  (1988).  Model of a date rape workshop for college campuses.  Journal of College Student Development, 29, 371-372.

Poling, A., Redmon, W. W., & Burnette, M. M.  (1990).  Stigmatization of AIDS patients by college students in lower-division psychology classes.  Journal of College Student Development, 31, 64-70.

Price, J. H., Desmond, S., & Kukulka, G.  (1985).  High school students' perceptions and misperceptions of AIDS.  Journal of School Health, 55, 107-109.

Richardson, D., & Campbell, J. L.  (1982).  Alcohol and rape:  The effect of alcohol on attributions of blame for rape.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 8, 468-476.

Ross, M.W. (1988).  Components and structure of attitudes toward AIDS.  Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 39, 1306—1308.

Selby, J. W., Calhoun, L. G., & Brock, T. A.  (1977).  Sex differences in the social perception of rape victims.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 3, 412-415.

Shrum, J.C., Turner, N.H., & Bruce, K.E. (1989).  Development of an instrument to measure attitudes toward acquired immune deficiency syndrome.  AIDS Education and Prevention, 1, 222—230.

Sieber, J. (1986).  Social research on AIDS.  in M. Witt & W. Stackpole (Eds.), AIDS and patient management, Part VIII (pp. 173—175).  Owings Mills, MD:  National Health Publishing.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P.  (1989, April).  Measuring AIDS Discussion Strategies.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Houston, TX.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Godwin, L.  (1989, April).  The social perception of acquaintance versus stranger rape:  The impact of AIDS exposure.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Houston, TX.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Holtzman, W., Jr., Belk, S. S., Garcia, R., & Hernandez, J. E.  (1990).  The influence of counseling orientation and culture on mental health standards for women and men.  International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 14, 73-88

Strumin, L, & Hingson, R.  (1987).  Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and adolescents:  Knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors.  Pediatrics, 79, 825-828.

Temoshok, L., Sweet, D.M., & Zich, J. (1987).  A three city comparison of the public's knowledge and attitudes about AIDS.  Psychology and Health, 1, 43—60.

Tetreault, P. A.,  & Barnett, M. A.   (1987).  Reactions to stranger and acquaintance rape.  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 11, 353-358.

Triplet, R. G., & Sugarman, D. B.  (1987).  Reactions to AIDS victims:  Ambiguity breeds contempt.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 13, 265-274.

Wachter, R. (1986).  The impact of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome on medical residency training.  New England Journal of Medicine, 314, 177—179.

Walster, E.  (1966).  Assignment of responsibility for an accident.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 73-79.

Wertz, D.C., Sorenson, J.R., Liebling, L., Kessler, L., & Heeren, T.C. (1988).  Caring for persons with AIDS:  Knowledge and attitudes of 1,047 health care workers attending AIDS Action Committee educational programs.  Journal of Primary Prevention, 8, 109—124.

Winslow, R. W.  (1988).  Student knowledge of AIDS transmission.  Sociology and Social Research, 72, 110-111.


Chapter 11 – References  

 

Abbey, A.  (1982).  Sex differences in attributions for friendly behavior:  Do males misperceive females' friendliness?  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42, 830-838.

Abbey, A., & Melby, C.  (1986).  The effects of nonverbal cues on gender differences in perceptions of sexual intent.  Sex Roles, 15, 283-298.

Abbey, A., Cozzarelli, C., McLaughlin, K., & Harnish, R. J.  (1987).  The effects of clothing and dyad sex composition on perceptions of sexual intent:  Do women and men evaluate these cues differently?  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 106-126.

Batchelor, W. F.  (1984).  AIDS:  A public health and psychological emergency.  American Psychologist, 43, 1279-1284.

Belk, S. S., Garcia-Falconi, R., Hernandez-Sanchez, J. E., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1988).  Avoidance strategy use in the intimate relationships of women and men from Mexico and the United States.  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 12, 165-174.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1988a).  Avoidance strategy use in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 80-96.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1988b).  Power strategy use in intimate relationships of women and men from Mexico and the United States.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 14, 439-447.

Bettercourt, B. A., Kuehl, S. E., & Miller, L. C.  (May, 1989).  Predicting obstacles in negotiating safer sex.  Paper presented at the Iowa/International Conference on Personal Relationships, Iowa City, Iowa.

Buss, D. M., Gomes, M., Higgins, D. S., & Lauterbach, K.  (1987).  Tactics of manipulation.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 1219-1229.

Campbell, S. M., & Peplau, L. A.  (1989, May).  Condom attitudes and dating relationships.  Paper presented at the Iowa/International Conference on Personal Relationships, Iowa City, Iowa.

Christopher, F. S.  (1988).  An initial investigation into a continuum of premarital sexual pressure.  Journal of Sex Research, 25, 255-266.

Coates, T. J., Stall, R., Mandel, J. S., Boccellari, A., Sorensen, J. L., Morales, E. F., Morin, S. F., Wiley, J. A., & McKusick, L.  (1987).  AIDS:  A psychosocial research agenda.  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 9, 21-28.

Cowan, G., Drinkard, J., MacGavin, L.  (1984).  The effects of target, age, and gender on use of power strategies.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47, 1391-1398.

DeBro, S. C.  (1989, May).  Condom power strategies:  How college students influence a partner about the use of a condom.  Paper presented at the Iowa/International Conference on Personal Relationships, Iowa City, Iowa.

DiClemente, R. J., Pies, C. A., Stoller, E. J., Straits, C., Olivia, G. E., Haskin, J., & Rutherford, G. W.  (1989).  Evaluation of school-based AIDS education curricula in San Francisco.  Journal of Sex Research, 26, 188-198.

DiClemente, R. J., Zorn, J., & Temoshok, L.  (1986).  Adolescents and AIDS:  A survey of knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about AIDS in San Francisco.  American Journal of Public Health, 76, 1443-1445.

Falbo, T.  (1977a).  Multidimensional scaling of power strategies.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 537-548.

Falbo, T.  (1977b).  Relationships between sex, sex role, and social influence.  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2, 62-72.

Falbo, T.  (1982).  PAQ types and power strategy use in intimate relationships.  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 6, 399-405.

Falbo, T., & Peplau, L. A.  (1980).  Power strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 618-628.

Finney, P. D., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1990).  The AIDS Anxiety Scale:  Components and correlates.  Unpublished manuscript, Southeast Missouri State University.

Fisher, W. A.  (1986).  A psychological approach to human sexuality:  The sexual behavior sequence.  In D. Byrne & K. Kelley (Eds.), Alternative approaches to the study of sexual behavior (pp. 131-171).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Erlbaum Associates.

Fisher, W. A., Byrne, D., & White, L. A.  (1983).  Emotional barriers to contraceptions.  In D. Byrne & W. A. Fisher (Eds.), Adolescents, sex, and contraception  (pp. 207-239).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Erlbaum.

Fitzpatrick, M. A., & Winke, J.  (1979).  You always hurt the one you love:  Strategies and tactics in interpersonal conflict.  Communication Quarterly, 27, 3-11.

Flaskerud, J. H., (1988).  AIDS:  Psychosocial aspects.  Health Values, 12, 44-52.

Gerrard, M.  (1987).  Sex, sex guilt, and contraceptive use revised:  The 1980s.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 975-980.

Hendrick, S. S., & Hendrick, C.  (1987).  Multidimensionality of sexual attitudes.  Journal of Sex Research, 23, 502-526.

Herek, G. M., & Glunt, E. K.  (1988).  An epidemic of stigma:  Public reactions to AIDS.  American Psychologist, 43, 886-891.

Hughes, T. G., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1990).  Communal and exchange approaches to sexual relations.  Annals of Sex Research, 3, 149-164.

Kaplan, H. S.  (1974).  The new sex therapy:  Active treatment of sexual dysfunctions.  Brunner/Maazel:  New York.

Kipnis, D., Schmidt, S. M., & Wilkinson, I.  (1980).  Intraorganization influence tactics:  Explorations in getting one's way.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 65, 440-452.

Koberg, C. S.   (1985).  Sex and situational influences on the use of power:  A follow-up study.  Sex Roles, 13, 625-639.

Leary, M. R., & Dobbins, S. E.  (1983).  Social anxiety, sexual behavior, and contraceptive use.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1347-1354.

Maddox, J. M.  (1976).  Sexual health:  An enrichment and treatment program.  In D. H. Olson (ed.),  Treating relationships.  Lake Mills, Iowa:  Graphic Publishing.

Mann, J. M.  (1988, June).  The global picture of AIDS.  Paper presented at the IV International Conference on AIDS, Stockholm, Sweden.

McCormick, N. B.  (1979).  Come-ons and put-offs:  Unmarried students' strategies for having and avoiding sexual intercourse.  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 4, 194-211.

McDermott, R. J., Hawkins, M. J., Moore, J. R., & Cittadino, S. K.  (1987).  AIDS awareness and information sources among selected university students.  Journal of the American College Health Association, 35, 222-226.

Offermann, L. R., & Scheier, P. E.  (1985).  Social influence strategies:  The impact of sex, role, and attitudes toward power.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 11, 286-300.

Peplau, L. A., Rubin, Z., & Hill, C. T.  (1977).  Sexual intimacy in dating relationships.  Journal of Social Issues, 33, 86-109.

Reinisch, J. M., Sanders, S. A., & Ziemba-Davis, M.  (1988).  The study of sexual behavior in relation to the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus:  Caveats and recommendations.  American Psychologist, 43, 921-927.

Rim, Y.  (1980).  Personality development and means of influence in marriage.  Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 1, 297-300.

Rim, Y.  (1981).  The use of means of influence according to ordinal position and length of marriage.  Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 2, 125-127.

Rim, Y.  (1989).  Coping styles and use of means of influence in marriage.  Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 10, 87-91.

Sherr, L.  (1987).  An evaluation of the UK government health education campaign on AIDS.  Psychology and Health, 1, 61-72.

Simkins, L., & Eberhage, M. G.  (1984).  Attitudes toward AIDS, herpes II, and toxic shock syndrome.  Psychological Reports, 55, 79-786.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Hawkins, R. C., & Belk, S. S.  (1988).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 42-48.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P.  (1990).  [Reliability and validity of the AIDS Empathy Scale].  Unpublished raw data.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Finney, P., & Godwin, L.  (1990).  College students’ stereotypes abut AIDS.  Unpublished manuscript, Southeast Missouri State University.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher, T. D., & Schuh, T.  (1990).  Reliability and validity of the Sexuality Scale:  A measure of sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Unpublished manuscript, Southeast Missouri State University.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Papini, D. R..  (1989).  The Sexuality Scale:  An instrument to measure sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 26, 256-263.

Snyder, M., Simpson, J. A., & Gangestad, S.  (1986).  Personality and sexual relations.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 181-190.

Temoshok, L., Sweet, D. M., & Zich, J.  (1987).  A three city comparison of the public’s knowledge and attitudes about AIDS.  Psychology and Health, 1, 43-60.

Zilbergeld, B.  (1978).  Male sexuality.  Little, Brown and Company:  Boston, MA.


Chapter 12 – References

Adler, N.L., & Hendrick, S.S. (1991). Relationships between contraceptive behavior and love attitudes, sex attitudes, and self—esteem. Journal of Counseling and Development, 70, 302—308.

Arnstein, R.L. (1989). Sex and anxiety on the campus:  Thirty—five years thereof. Journal of American College Health, 37, 247—252.

Baldwin, J. D., & Baldwin, J. I.  (1988).  Factors affecting AIDS-related sexual risk-taking behavior among college students.  Journal of Sex Research, 25, 181-196.

Biedel, D. C., Turner, S. M., Dancu, C. V.  (1985).  Physiological, cognitive and behavioral aspects of social anxiety.  Behavioral Research and Therapy, 23, 109-117.

Bohne, J.  (1986).  AIDS:  Ministry issues for chaplains.  Pastoral Psychology, 34, 173-192. 

Bouton, R. A., Gallaher, P. E., Garlinghouse, P. A., Leal, T., Rosenstein, L. D., & Young, R. K.  (1987).  Scales for measuring fear of AIDS and ia.  Journal of Personality Assessment, 51, 606-614.

Burger, J.M. & Inderbitzen, H.M. (1985). Predicting contraceptive behavior among college students: The role of communication, knowledge, sexual anxiety, and self—esteem. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 14, 343—350.

Carroll, L.  (1988).  Concern with AIDS and the sexual behavior of college students.  Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50, 405-41l.

Crowne, D. P., & Marlowe, D.  (1960).  A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology.  Journal of Consulting Psychology, 24, 349-354.

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DiClemente, R., Zorn, J., & Temoshok, L.  (1987).  The association of gender, ethnicity, and length of residence in the Bay Area to adolescent's knowledge and attitudes about Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 216-230.

Dorman, S. M., & Rienzo, B. A.  (1988).  College students' knowledge of AIDS.  Health Values, 12, 33-38. 

Friedland, G.  (1987).  Fear of AIDS.  New York State Journal of Medicine, 87, 260-261.

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Joseph, J., Montgomery, S., Emmons, C., Kirscht, J., Kessler, R., Ostro=, D., Wortman, C., & O 'Brien, K.  (1987).  Perceived risk of AIDS:  Assessing the behavioral and psychosocial consequences in a cohort of gay men.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 17, 231-250.

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Liebmann-Smith, R.  (1985).  The question of AIDS.  New York:  New York Academy of Sciences. 

Leigh, B. C.  (1989).  Reasons for having and avoiding sex:  Gender, sexual orientation, and relationship to sexual behavior.  Journal of Sex Research, 25, 181-196.

Lester, D.  (1989).  Attitudes toward AIDS.  Personality and Individual Differences, 10, 693-694. 

Leventhal, H., Safer, M., & Panagis, D.  (1983).  The impact of communications on self-regulation of health beliefs, decisions, and behavior.  Health Education Quarterly, 10, 3-31.

Loeble, S.  (1974).  Birth control becomes a national cause.  In S. Loebl (Eds.), Conception, contraception:  A new look.  St.Louis:  McGraw—Hill Book Co.

Markova, I., & Wilkie, P.  (1987).  Representations, concepts and social change:  The phenomenon of AIDS.  Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 17, 389-409.

Martin, J. L., & Vance, C. S.  (1984).  Behavioral and psychosocial factors in AIDS:  Methodological and substantive issues.  American Psychologist, 39, 1303-1308. 

Mather, A.  (1985).  AIDS Update:  Halting the "epidemic of fear".  Infection Reports, 2, 1-3.

McNair, D. M., Lorr, M., & Droppleman, L. F.  (1971).  The Profile of Mood States manual.  San Diego, CA:  Educational and Testing Service.

Morin, S. F., Charles, K. A., Malyon, A . K.  (1984).  The psychological impact of AIDS on gay men.  American P Psychologist, 39, 1288-1293.

Morrison, D.  (1985).  Adolescent contraceptive behavior: A review.  Psychological Bulletin, 98, 538—568.

O'Donnell, L., O'Donnell, C. R., Pleck, J. H., Snarey, J, & Rose, R.  (1987).  Psychosocial responses of hospital workers to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 269-285.

Rathus, S., & Boughn, S.  (1992).  AIDS: What every student needs to know.  Fort Worth:  Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers.

Sieber, J.  (1986).  Social research on AIDS.  In M. Witt & W. Stackpole  (Eds.), AIDS and patient management, Part VIII (pp.173-175).  Owings Mills, MD:  National Health Publishing.

Snell, W . E., Jr., & Finney, P. D.  (1990).  Interpersonal strategies associated with the discussion of AIDS.  Annals of Sex Research, 3, 425-451.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Finney, P. D., & Godwin, L.  (1991).  Stereotypes about AIDS.  Contemporary Social Psychology, 15, 18-38.

Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., & Lushene, R. E.  (1970).  The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) test manual for form X.  Palo Alto, CA:  Consulting Psychologists Press.

Temoshok, L., Sweet, D. M., & Zich, J.  (1987).  A three city comparison of the public's knowledge and attitudes about AIDS.  Psychology and Health, 1, 43-60.

Turner, S. M., & Biedel, D. D.  (1985).  Empirically derived subtypes of social anxiety.  Behavior Therapy, 16, 384-392.

Velimirovic, B.  (1987).  AIDS as a social phenomenon.  Social Science and Medicine, 25, 541-552.

Wachter, R.  (1986).  The impact of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome on medical residency training.  New England Journal of Medicine, 314, 177-179.

Wertz, D. C., Sorenson, J. R., Liebling, L., Kessler, L., & Heeren, T. C. (1988).  Caring for persons with AIDS:  Knowledge and attitudes of 1,047 health care workers attending AIDS Action Committee educational programs.  Journal of Primary Prevention, 8, 109-124.


Chapter 13 – References

Austin, D. , Hong, S. M. , & Hunter, W.  (1989).  Some determinants of fear about AIDS among Australian college students.  Psychological Reports, 6, 1239-1244. 

Bouton, R. A. , Galleher, P.E. , Gallinghouse, P. A. , &  Leal, T.  (1989).  Demographic variables associated with fear  of AIDS and homophobia.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 19, 885-901. 

Davis, M.  (1980).  A Multidimensional Approach to Individual  Differences in Empathy.  Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 10, 85.

Hughes, T. G., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1990).  Communal and exchange approaches to sexual Relations.  Annals of Sex Research, 3, 149-163. 

Merrill, J. M. , Laux, L., & Thornby, J. I.  (1989).  Attitudes towards AIDS.  Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 40, 857.

Royse, D. D., Dhooper, S. S., & Tran, T. V.  (1987).  Undergraduate and graduate students attitudes towards AIDS.  Psychological Reports, 60, 1185-1186 

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1989).  Development and validation for the Masculine Behavior Scale: A measure of behaviors attributed to males versus females.  Sex Roles,  21, 749-765.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Fischer T. D.  (1990, April).  The Multidimensional  Sexuality Questionnaire:  An objective report measure on  psychological tendencies associated with sexuality.  Presented at the meeting of the Southwestern Psychological  Association, New Orleans , LA , Sept. 1990.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Papini, P. R.  (1989).  The Sexuality Scale:  An instrument to measure sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  The Journal of Sex Research, 26, 256-263.

Stevens, L. A. , & Muskins, P. R.  (1987).  Techniques of  reversing the failure of empathy towards AIDS patients.  Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 15, 539-555.

 


Chapter 14 – References

Acock, A. C., & Ireland, N. K.  (1983).  Attribution of blame in rape cases:  The impact of norm violation, gender, and sex-role attitude.  Sex Roles, 9, 179-193.

Aizenman, M., & Kelley, G.  (1988).  The incidence of violence and acquaintance rape in dating relationships among college men and women.  Journal of College Student Development, 29, 305-311.

Baker, T. C., Burgess, A. W., Brickman, E., & Davis, R. C.  (1990).  Rape victims' concerns about possible exposure to HIV infection.  Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 5, 49-60.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986a).  Beliefs about women:  Components and correlates.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 12, 403-413.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986b).  The Beliefs About Women Scale (BAWS):  Scale development and validation.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Documents, 16, 10.  (Ms. No. 2747)

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1989).  Stereotypic beliefs about women as moderators of stress-distress relationships.  Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45, 665-672.

Belk, S. S., Snell, W. E., Jr., Holtzman, W. H., Jr., Garcia-Falconi, R., & Hernandez-Sanchez, J. E.  (1989).  The impact of ethnicity, nationality, therapy orientation, and mental health standards on stereotypic beliefs about women:  A pilot study.  Sex Roles, 21, 671-695.

Bridges, J. S.  (1991).  Perceptions of date and stranger rape:  A difference in sex role expectations and rape-supportive beliefs.  Sex Roles, 24, 291-307.

Bridges, J. S., & McGrail, C. A.  (1989).  Attributions of responsibility for date and stranger rape.  Sex Roles, 21, 273-286.

Carroll, L.  (1988).  Concern with AIDS and the sexual behavior of college students.   Journal of Marriage and the Family, 50, 405-411.

Check, J. V. P., & Malamuth, N. M.  (1983).  Sex role stereotyping and reactions to depictions of stranger versus acquaintance rape.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 344-356.

Finney, P., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1989, April).  Construction of the AIDS Anxiety Scale.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Houston, TX.

Gerdes, E. P., Dammann, E. J., & Heilig, K. E..  (1988).  Perceptions of rape victims and assailants:  Effects of physical attractiveness, acquaintance, and subject gender.  Sex Roles, 19, 141-153.

Gilmartin-Zena, P.  (1983).  Attribution theory and rape victim responsibility.  Deviant Behavior, 4, 357-374.

Gordon, M. T., & Riger, S.  (1989).  The female fear.  New York:  Free Press.

Koss, M. P., Digycz, C. A., & Wisniewski, N.  (1987).  The scope of rape:  Incidence and prevalence of sexual aggression and victimization in a national sample of higher education students.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 162-170.

Koss, M. P., Dinero, T. E., Seibel, C. A., & Cox, L. L.  (1988).  Stranger and acquaintance rape:  Are there differences in the victim's experience?  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 12, 1-24.

Krulewitz, J. E., & & Payne, E. J.  (1978).  Attributions about rape:  Effects of rapist force, observer sex and sex role attitudes.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 8, 291-305.

L'Armand, L., & Pepitone, A.  (1982).  Judgments of rape:  A study of victim-rapist relationship and victim sexual history.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 8, 134-139.

Lerner, M. J., & Simmons, C. H.  (1966).  Observer's reaction to the "innocent victim":  Compassion or rejection.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 14, 203-210.

Maloney, B. D.  (1988).  The legacy of AIDS:  Challenge for the next century.  Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 14, 143-150.

Miller, B., & Marshall, J. C.  (1987).  Coercive sex on the university campus.  Journal of College Student Personnel, 28, 38-47.

Muehlenhard, C. L., Friedman, D. E., & Thomas, C. M.  (1985).  Is date rape justifiable?  The effects of dating activity, who initiated, who paid, and men's attitudes toward women.  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 9, 297-310.

Muehlenhard, C. L., & Linton, M. A.  (1987).  Date rape and sexual aggression in dating situations:  Incidence and risk factors.  Journal of Counseling Psychology, 34, 186-196.

Richardson, D., & Campbell, J. L.  (1982).  Alcohol and rape:  The effect of alcohol on attributions of blame for rape.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 8, 468-476.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986).  The Masculine Role Inventory:  Components and correlates.  Sex Roles, 15, 443-455.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1989).  Development and validation of the Masculine Behavior Scale:  A measure of behaviors stereotypically attributed to males versus females.  Sex Roles, 21, 749-767.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P.  (1990).  Interpersonal strategies associated with the discussion of AIDS.  Annals of Sex Research, 3, 425-451.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Finney, P., & Godwin, L.  (1991).  Stereotypes About AIDS.  Contemporary Social Psychology, 15, 18-38.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Holtzman, W., Jr., Belk, S. S., Garcia, R.,  & Hernandez, J. E.  (1990).  The influence of counseling orientation and culture on mental health standards for women and men.  International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 14, 73-88.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Papini, D. R.  (1989).  The Sexuality Scale:  An instrument to measure sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 26, 256-263.

Tetreault, P. A., & Barnett, M. A.   (1987).  Reactions to stranger and acquaintance rape.  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 11, 353-358.

Triplet, R. G., & Sugarman, D. B.  (1987).  Reactions to AIDS victims:  Ambiguity breeds contempt.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 13, 265-274.

Walster, E.  (1966).  Assignment of responsibility for an accident.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 73-79.

Ward, C.  (1988).  The Attitudes Toward Rape Victims Scale.  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 12, 127-146.

 


Chapter 15 – References

Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1969).  Object relations, dependency, and attachment:  A theoretical review of the infant-mother relationship.  Child Development, 40, 969-1025.

Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1989).  Attachments beyond infancy.  American Psychologist, 44, 709-716.

Bartholomew, K. (1990).  Avoidance of intimacy:  An attachment perspective.  Journal of  Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 147-178.

Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L. M. (1991).   Attachment styles among young adults:  A test of a four-category model.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 226-244.

Carnelley, K. B., & Janoff-Bulman, R.  (1992).  Optimism about love relationships:  General vs specific lessons form one's personal experiences.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 9, 5-20.

Collins, N. L., & Read, S. J.  (1990).  Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 644-663.

Feeney, J. A., & Noller, P.  (1990).  Attachment styles as a predictor of adult romantic relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 281-291.

Ferrari, J. R.  (1992).  Procrastinators and perfect behavior:  An exploratory factor analysis of self-presentation, self-awareness, and self-handicapping components.  Journal of Research in Personality, 26, 75-84.

Fitzpatrick, M. A., Fey, J., Segrin, C., & Schiff, J. L.  (1993).  Internal working models of relationships and marital communication.  Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 12, 103-131.

Frost, R. O., Heimberg, R. G., Holt, C. S., Mattia, J. I., & Neubauer, A. L.  (1992).  A comparison of two measures of perfectionism.  Personality and Individual Differences, 14, 119-126.

Frost, R. O., Marten, P. A., Lahart, C., & Rosenblate, R.  (1990).  The dimensions of perfectionism.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 449-468.

Hazan, C., & Shaver, P.  (1987).  Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 511-524.

Hewitt, P. L., & Flett, G. L.  (1993).  Dimensions of perfectionism, daily stress, and depression:  A test of the specific vulnerability hypothesis.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 58-65.

Hewitt, P. L., Flett, G. L., Turnbull-Donovan, W., & Mikail, S. F.  (1991).  The Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale:  Reliability, validity, and psychometric properties in psychiatric samples.  Psychological Assessment:  A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 3, 464-468.

Hurlbert, D. F., & Apt, C.  (1991).  Sexual narcissism and the abusive male.  Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 17, 279-292.

Hurlbert, D. F., White, C., Powell, R. D., & Apt, C.  (1993).  Orgasm consistency training in the treatment of women reporting hypoactive sexual desire:  An outcome comparison of women-only groups and couples-only groups.  Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 24, 3-13.

Miller, L. C., Berg, J. H., & Archer, R. L.  (1983).  Openers:  Individuals who elicit intimate self-disclosure.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 1234-1244.

Rempel, J. K., Holmes, J. G., & Zanna, M. P.  (1985).  Trust in close relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 95-112.

Scharfe, E., & Bartholomew, K.  (1994).  Reliability and stability of adult attachment patterns.   Personal Relationships, 1, 23-43.

Shaver, P. R., & Hazan, C.  (1994).  Attachment.  In  A. L. Weber &  J. H. Harvey (Eds.),  Perspectives on close relationships  (pp. 110-192). Needman Heights,  MA:   Allyn and Bacon.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P.  (1990).  Interpersonal strategies associated with the discussion of AIDS.  Annals of Sex Research, 3,  425-451.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Papini, D. R.  (1989).  The Sexuality Scale:  An instrument to measure sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 26, 256-263.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1986b). The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale (SAMSS):  Components, correlates, antecedents, consequences, and counselor bias.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Document, 16, 9.  (Ms. No. 2746)

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C.  II  (1990).  Cognitive beliefs about male sexuality:  The impact of gender roles and counselor perspectives.  Journal of Rational-Emotive Therapy, 8, 249-265.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., Papini, D. R., & Clark, S.  (1989).  Development and validation of the Sexual Self-Disclosure Scale.  Annals of Sex Research, 2, 307-334.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher T. D., & Miller, R.  (1991).  Development of the Sexual Awareness Questionnaire:  Components, reliability, and validity.  Annals of Sex Research, 4, 65-92.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher T. D., & Schuh, T.  (1992).  Reliability and validity of the Sexuality Scale:  A measure of sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 29,  261-273.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher T. D., & Walters, A. S.  (1993).  The Multidimensional Sexuality Questionnaire:  An objective self-report measure of psychological tendencies associated with human sexuality.  Annals of Sex Research, 6, 27-55.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Hawkins, R. C. II., & Belk, S. S.  (1988).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 42-48.

Sprecher, S., & McKinney, K.  (1994)   Sexuality in close relationships.  In A. L. Weber & J. H. Harvey   (Eds.), Perspectives on close relationships  (pp. 193-216).  Needman  Heights, MA:  Allyn and Bacon.

Wiederman, M. W., & Allgeier, E. R.  (1993).  The measurement of sexual-esteem:  Investigation of Snell and Papini's (1989) Sexuality Scale.  Journal of Research in Personality, 27, 88-102.


Chapter 16 – References

Bartholomew, K.  (1990).  Avoidance of intimacy:  An attachment perspective.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 147-178.

Blatt, S. J., D'Afflitti, J. P., & Quinlan, D. M.  (1976).  Experiences of depression in normal young adults.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 85, 383-389.

Broday, S. F.  (1988).  Perfectionism and Millon basic personality patterns.  Psychological Reports, 63, 791-794.

Brown, B. R.  (1971).  Saving face.  Psychology Today, 86, 55-59.

Bunker, L., & Williams, J. M.  (1986).  In J. M. Williams (Ed.).  Applied sport psychology  (pp. 240-254).  Mountainview, CA:  Mayfield.

Burns, D. D.  (1980).  Feeling good:  The new mood therapy.  New York:  The New American Library Inc.

Burns, D. D.  (1980).  The perfectionist's script for self defeat.  Psychology Today, 34-51.

Cowert-Steckler, D., & Pollack, R. H.  (1988).  The Cowart-Steckler Scale of Sexual Experience.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Sexually related measures:  A compendium (pp. 91-92).  Lake Mills, IA:  Graphic Publishing Company.

Davidson, J. K., & Moore, N. B.  (1994).  Guilt and lack of orgasm during sexual intercourse:  Myth versus reality among college women.  Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 20, 153-174.

Delisle, J. R.  (1986).  Death with honors:  Suicide among gifted adolescents.  Journal of Counseling and Development, 64, 558-560.

Flett, G. L., Hewitt, P. L., & Dyck, D. G.  (1989).  Self-oriented perfectionism, neuroticism and anxiety.  Perfectionism and Individual Differences, 10, 731-735.

Flett, G. L., Hewitt, P. L., Blankenstein, K. R., & Koledin, S.  (1991).  Dimensions of perfectionism and irrational thinking.  Journal of Rational Emotive and Cognitive Behavior, 9, 185-201.

Frost, R. O. & Marten, P. A.  (1990).  Perfectionism and evaluative threat.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 559-572.

Frost, R. O., & Henderson, K. J.  (1991).  Perfectionism and reactions to athletic competition.  Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 13, 323-335.

Frost, R. O., Lahart, C. M., & Rosenblate, R.  (1991).  The development of perfectionism:  A study of daughters and their parents.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 15, 469-489.

Frost, R. O., Lahart, C. M., & Rosenblate, R.  (1991).  The development of perfectionism:  A study of daughters and their parents.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 15, 469-489.

Frost, R. O., Marten, P., Lahart C., & Rosenblate, R.  (1990).  The dimensions of perfectionism.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 449-469.

Frost, R.O., &  Marten, P. A.  (1990).  Perfectionism and evaluative threat.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 559-572.

Gauron, E. F.  (1984).  Mental training for peak performance.  Lansing, New York:  Sport Science Associates.

Goffman, E.  (1959).  The presentation of self in everyday life.  Garden City, New York:  Doubleday.

Hamachek, D. E., (1978).  Psychodynamics of normal and neurotic perfectionism.  Psychology, 15, 27-33.

Hewitt, P. L., & Dyck, D. G.  (1986).  Perfectionism, stress, and vulnerability to depression.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 10, 137-142.

Hewitt, P. L., & Flett, G. L.  (1991).  Perfectionism is the self and social contexts:  Conceptualization, assessment, and association with psychopathology.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 456-470.

Hewitt, P. L., Flett, G. L.  (1993).  Perfectionism and neuroticism in psychiatric patients and college students.  Personality and Individual Differences, 12, 273-279.

Hewitt, P. L., Flett, G. L., & Turnbull-Donovan, W.  (1992).  Perfectionism and suicide potential.  British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 31, 181-190.

Hewitt, P. L., Flett, G. L., Blankstein, K. R.,  (1991).  Perfectionism and neuroticism in psychiatric patients and college students.  Personality and Individual Differences, 12, 273-279.

Hewitt, P. L., Flett, G. L., Turnbull-Donovan, W., & Mikail, S. F.  (1991).  The Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale:  Reliability, validity, and psychometric properties in psychiatric samples.  Psychological Assessment:  A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 3, 464-468.

Hewitt, P. L., Mittlestaedt, W. M., & Flett, G. L.  (1990).  Self-oriented perfectionism and generalized performance importance in depression.  Individual Psychology, 46, 1990.

Higgins, E. T. (1987).  Self-discrepancy:  A theory relating self and affect.  Psychological Review, 94, 319-340.

Hollender, M. H.  (1965).  Perfectionism.  Comprehensive Psychiatry, 16, 94-103.

McBride, M. C.  (1992).  Gender issues in graduate students in counseling and student development services.  College Student Journal, 26, 491-496.

Missildine, W. H. (1963).  Your inner child of the past.  (p 36).  New York:  Simon and Schuster.

Pacht, A. R.  (1984).  Reflections on perfection.  American Psychologist, 39, 386-390.

Quadland, M. C.,  (1980).  Private self-consciousness, attribution of responsibility, and perfectionistic thinking in secondary erectile dysfunction.  Journal of Sexual and Marital Therapy, 6, 47-55.

Scharfe, E., & Bartholomew, K.  (1994).  Reliability and stability of adult attachment patterns.  Personal Relationships, 1, 23-43.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher, T. D., & Miller, R. S.  (1991).  Development of the Sexual Awareness Questionnaire:  Components, reliability, and validity.  Annals of Sex Research, 4, 65-92.

Snell, W. E,. Jr., Fisher, T. D., & Walters, A. S.  (1993).  The Multidimensional Sexuality Questionnaire:  An objective self-report measure of psychological tendencies associated with human  sexuality.  Annals of Sex Research, 6, 27-55.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Rigdon, K. L.  (1994).  The Sexual Perfectionism Questionnaire:  Preliminary evidence for reliability and validity.  Unpublished manuscript, Southeast Missouri State University.

Sorotzkin, B.  (1985).  The quest for perfectionism:  Avoiding guilt or avoiding shame?  Psychotherapy, 22, 564-571

Spence, J. T., & Robbins, A. S.  (1992).  Workaholism:  Definition, measurement, and preliminary results.  Journal of Personality Assessment, 58, 160-178.

Zuckerman, M.  (1988).  Human Sexuality Questionnaire.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and  S. L. David (Eds.), Sexually related measures:  A compendium  (pp. 92-98).  Lake Mills, IA:  Graphic Publishing.


Chapter 17 – References

Adler, N. L., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1991).  Relationships  between contraceptive behavior and love attitudes, sex attitudes, and self-esteem.  Journal of Counseling and Development, 70, 302-308.

Ainsworth, M. D. S.  (1979).  Infant-mother attachment.  American Psychologist, 34, 932-937.

Ainsworth, M. D. S.  (1989).  Attachments beyond infancy.  American Psychologist, 44, 709-716.

Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S.  (1978).  Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation.  Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Anderson, B. L., & Cyranowski, J. M.  (1994).  Women’s sexual self-schema.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 1079-1100.

Anderson, B. L., & Cyranowski, J. M.  (1995).  Women’s sexuality:  Behaviors, responses, and individual differences.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 891-906.

Anderson, B. L., Woods, X. A., & Copeland, L. J.  (in press).  Sexual self schema and sexual morbidity among gynecologic cancer survivors.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

Arata, C. M., & Burkhart, B. R.  (1996).  Post-traumatic stress disorder among college student victims of acquaintance assault.  In E. S. Byers and L. F. O’Sullivan (Eds.), Sexual coercion in dating relationships (pp. 79-92).  New York:  The Haworth Press, Inc.

Bandura, A.  (1977).  Self-efficacy:  Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change.  Psychological Review, 84, 191-215.

Bartholomew, K.  (1990).  Avoidance of intimacy:  An attachment perspective.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 147-178.

Bartholomew, K.  (1993).  From childhood to adult relationships: Attachment theory and research.  In S. Duck (Ed.), Learning about relationships (pp. 30-62).  Newbury Park, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L. M.  (1991).  Attachment styles among young adults:  A test of a four-category model.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 226-244.

Bettor, L.  (1989).  Relationships between first sexual experience and later love and sex attitudes.  Unpublished manuscript.  Texas Tech University.

Bettor, L. L., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1990, April).  First sexual experience and later love and sex attitudes.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Dallas, TX.

Bowlby, J.  (1969).  Attachment and loss: Vol.1. Attachment.  New York: Basic.

Bowlby, J.  (1973).  Attachment and loss: Vol.2. Separation.  New York: Basic.

Bowlby, J.  (1977).  The making and breaking of affectional bonds.  British Journal of Psychiatry, 130, 201-210.

Bowlby, J.  (1980).  Attachment and loss: Vol.3. Loss, sadness and depression.  New York:  Basic.

Bowlby, J.  (1982).  Attachment and loss: Vol.1. Attachment (2nd ed.).  New York: Basic.  (Original work published 1969).

Brewer, M. B.  (1991).  The social self:  On being the same and different at the same time.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17, 475-482.

Brewer, M. B., & Gardner, W.  (1996).  Who is this “we”?  Levels of collective identity and self representations.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 83-93.

Buunk, B. P., & VanYperen, N. W.  (1991).  Referential comparisons, relational comparisons, and exchange orientation:  Their relation to marital satisfaction.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17, 709-717.

Carroll, J. L., Volk, K. D., & Hyde, J. S.  (1985).  Differences between males and females in motives for engaging in sexual intercourse.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 14, 131-139.

Cupach, W. R., & Comstock, J.  (1990).  Satisfaction with sexual communication in marriage:  Links to sexual satisfaction and dyadic adjustment.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 179-186.

Fisher, T. D., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1995).  Validation of the Multidimensional Sexuality Questionnaire.  Unpublished manuscript, The Ohio University at Mansfield.

Gerrard, M.  (1987).  Sex, sex guilt, and contraceptive use revised:  The 1980s.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 975-980.

Griffin, D. W., & Bartholomew, K.  (1994).  The  metaphysics of measurement: The case of adult attachment.  In K. Bartholomew &  D. Perlman (Eds.) Advances in personal relationships Vol.5: Attachment processes in adulthood (pp. 17-52). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Hatfield, E., Greenberger, D., Traupmann, J., & Lambert, P.  (1982).  Equity and sexual satisfaction in recently married couples.  The Journal of Sex Research, 18, 18-31.

Hatfield, E., Traupmann, J., Sprecher, S., Utne, M., & Hay, J.  (1985).  Equity and intimate relations:  Recent research.  In W. Ickes (Ed.), Compatible and incompatible relationships (pp. 91-117).  New York:  Springer-Verlag.

Hatfield, E., Utne, M. K., & Traupmann, J.  (1979).  equity theory and intimate relationships.  In R. L. Burgess & T. L. Huston (Eds.), Social exchange in developing relationships (pp. 93-133).  New York:  Academic Press.

Hazan, C., & Shaver, P.  (1987).  Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 511-524.

Herold, E. S., & Way, L. W.  (1988).  Sexual self-disclosure among university women. Journal of Sex Research, 24, 1-14.

Herold, E. S., Goodwin, M. S., & Lero, D.  (1979).  Self-esteem, locus of control, and adolescent contraception.  Journal of Psychology, 101, 83-88.

Hill, C. A., & Preston, L. K.  (1996).  Individual differences in the experience of sexual motivation:  Theory and measurement of dispositional sexual motives.  The Journal of Sex Research, 33, 27-45.

Hurlbert, D. F., & Apt, C.  (1991).  Sexual narcissism and the abusive male.  Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 17, 279-292.

Hurlbert, D. F., White, L. C., Powell, R. P., & Apt, C.  (1991).  Orgasm consistency training in the treatment of women reporting hypoactive sexual desire:  An outcome comparison of women-only groups and couples-only groups.  Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 24, 3-13.

Janda, L. H., & O’Grady, K. E.  (1980).  Development of a sex anxiety inventory.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46, 169-175.

Lawrance, K., & Byers, E. S.  (1995).  Sexual satisfaction in long-term heterosexual relationships:  The interpersonal exchange model of sexual satisfaction.  Personal Relationships, 2, 267-285.

Leary, M. R., & Dobbins, S. E.  (1983).  Social anxiety, sexual behavior, and contraceptive use.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1347-1354.

Main, M., Kaplan, N., & Cassidy, J. (1985).  Security in infancy, childhood, and adulthood: A move to the level of representation.  In I. Bretherton & E. Waters (Eds.), Growing points of attachment theory and research, (Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, Vol. 50, Serial No. 209, pp. 66-104).  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Markus, H., & Kitayama, S.  (1991).  Culture and the self:  Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation.  Psychological Review, 98, 224-253.

Marshall, G. N.  (1991).  A multidimensional analysis of internal health locus of control beliefs:  Separating the wheat from the chaff?  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 483-491.

Milan, R. J., & Kilmann, P. R.  (1987).  Interpersonal factors in premarital contraception.  The Journal of Sex Research, 23, 289-321.

Morrison, D. M. (1985). Adolescent contraceptive behavior: A review.  Psychological Bulletin, 98, 538-568.

Rains, P. M.  (1971).   Becoming an unwed mother.  Chicago:  Aldine.

Scharfe, E., & Bartholomew, K.  (1994).  Reliability and stability of adult attachment patterns.  Personal Relationships, 1, 23-43.

Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S.  (1985).  Optimism, coping, and health:  Assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies.  Health Psychology, 4, 219-247.

Schwartz, I. M.  (1993).  Affective reactions of American and Swedish women to their first premarital coitus:  A cross-cultural comparison.  The Journal of Sex Research, 30, 18-26.

Shaver, P. R., Hazen, C., & Bradshaw, D.  (1988).  Love as attachment:  The integration of three behavioral systems.  In R. J. Sternberg & M. L. Barnes (Eds.), The psychology of love (pp. 68-99).  New Haven, CT:  Yale University Press.

Simpson, J. A., Rholes, W. S., & Nelligan, J. S.  (1992).  Support seeking and support giving within couples in an anxiety-provoking situation:  The role of attachment styles.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 434-446.

Singelis, T. M.  (1994).  The measurement of independent and interdependent self-construals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20, 580-591.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (in press, a).  The Extended Multidimensional Sexuality Questionnaire.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bauserman, G. Schreer, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Hand book of sexuality-related measures.  Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (in press, b).  The Multidimensional Sexual Perfectionism Questionnaire.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bauserman, G. Schreer, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Hand book of sexuality-related measures.  Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1994, April).  Sexual awareness:  Contraception, sexual behaviors, and sexual attitudes.  Paper presented at the 63rd annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Tulsa, OK.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1996, April).  The Extended Multidimensional Sexuality Questionnaire:  Measuring psychological tendencies associated with human sexuality. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Houston, TX.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Belk, S. S.  (1985).  On assessing “equity” in intimate relationships.  Representative Research in Social Psychology, 15, 16-24.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C.  II  (1990).  Cognitive beliefs about male sexuality:  The impact of gender roles and counselor perspectives.  Journal of Rational-Emotive Therapy, 8, 249-265.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1986). The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale (SAMSS):  Components, correlates, antecedents, consequences, and counselor bias.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Document, 16, 9.  (Ms. No. 2746)

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., Papini, D. R., & Clark, S.  (1989).  Development and validation of the Sexual Self-Disclosure Scale.  Annals of Sex Research, 2, 307-334.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher T. D., & Miller, R.  (1991).  Development of the Sexual Awareness Questionnaire:  Components, reliability, and validity.  Annals of Sex Research, 4, 65-92.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher T. D., & Schuh, T.  (1992).  Reliability and validity of the Sexuality Scale:  A measure of sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 29,  261-273.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher T. D., & Walters, A. S.  (1993).  The Multidimensional Sexuality Questionnaire:  An objective self-report measure of psychological tendencies associated with human sexuality.  Annals of Sex Research, 6, 27-55.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Hawkins, R. C. II., & Belk, S. S.  (1988).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 42-48.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Papini, D. R.  (1989).  The Sexuality Scale:  An instrument to measure sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 26, 256-263.

Snyder, M., Simpson, J. A., & Gangestad, S.  (1986).  Personality and sexual relations.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 125-139.

Sprechter, S., Barbee, A., & Schwartz, P.  (1995).  “Was it good for you, too?”:  Gender differences in first sexual intercourse experiences.  The Journal of Sex Research, 32, 3-15.

Struckman-Johnson, D., & Struckman-Johnson, C.  (1996).  College men’s reactions to hypothetical forceful sexual advances from women.  In E. S. Byers and L. F. O’Sullivan (Eds.), Sexual coercion in dating relationships (pp. 93-105).  New York:  The Haworth Press, Inc.

Trafinow, D., Triandis, H. C., & Goto, S. G.  (1991).  Some tests of the distinction between the private and the collective self.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 649-655.

Walster, E., Traupmann, J., & Walster, G. W.  (1978).  Equity and extramarital sexuality.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 7, 127-142.

Walster, E., Walster, G. W., & Berscheid, E.  (1978).  Equity:  Theory and research.  Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

Walster, E., Walster, G. W., & Traupmann, J.  (1978).  Equity and premarital sex.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 82-92.

Weis, D. L.  (1983).  Affective reactions of women to their initial experience of coitus.  The Journal of Sex Research, 19, 209-237.

Whitley, B. E.  (1990).  College student contraceptive use:  A multivariate analysis.  The Journal of Sex Research, 27, 305-313.

Wiederman, M. W., & Allgeier, E. R.  (1993).  The measurement of sexual-esteem:  Investigation of Snell and Papini's (1989) Sexuality Scale.  Journal of Research in Personality, 27, 88-102.

Zeanah, P. D., & Schwarz, J. C.  (1996).  Reliability and validity of the sexual self-esteem inventory for women.  Assessment, 3, 1-15.

Chapter 18 – References

Adler, N. L., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1991).  Relationships  between contraceptive behavior and love attitudes, sex attitudes, and self-esteem.  Journal of Counseling and Development, 70, 302-308.

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Ainsworth, M. D. S.  (1989).  Attachments beyond infancy.  American Psychologist, 44, 709-716.

Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S.  (1978).  Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation.  Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bailey, W. C., Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1987).  Relation of sex and gender role to love, sexual attitudes, and self-esteem.  Sex Roles, 16, 637-648.

Bartholomew, K.  (1990).  Avoidance of intimacy:  An attachment perspective.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 147-178.

Bartholomew, K.  (1993).  From childhood to adult relationships: Attachment theory and research.  In S. Duck (Ed.), Learning about relationships (pp. 30-62).  Newbury Park, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L. M.  (1991).  Attachment styles among young adults:  A test of a four-category model.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 226-244.

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Bowlby, J.  (1973).  Attachment and loss: Vol.2. Separation.  New York: Basic.

Bowlby, J.  (1977).  The making and breaking of affectional bonds.  British Journal of Psychiatry, 130, 201-210.

Bowlby, J.  (1980).  Attachment and loss: Vol.3. Loss, sadness and depression.  New York:  Basic.

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Brown, I. S.  (1984).  Development of a scale to measure attitudes towards the condom as a method of birth control.  The Journal of Sex Research, 20, 255-263.

Buunk, B. P., & VanYperen, N. W.  (1991).  Referential comparisons, relational comparisons, and exchange orientation:  Their relation to marital satisfaction.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17, 709-717.

Byers, E. S., & O’Sullivan, L. F.  (Eds.).  (1996).  Sexual coercion in dating relationships.  New York:  The Haworth Press, Inc.

Carroll, J. L., Volk, K. D., & Hyde, J. S.  (1985).  Differences between males and females in motives for engaging in sexual intercourse.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 14, 131-139.

Christopher, F. S., & Frandsen, M. M.  (1990).  Strategies of influence in sex and dating.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 89-105.

Clark, M. S.  (1981).  Noncomparability of benefits given and received:  A cue to the existence of friendship.  Social Psychology Quarterly, 44, 375-381.

Clark, M. S.  (1983a).  Some implications of close social bonds for help-seeking.  In B. M. DePaulo, A. Nadler, & J. D. Fisher (Eds.), New directions in helping, vol. 2:  Help seeking.  New York:  Academic Press.

Clark, M. S.  (1983b).  Reactions to aid in communal and exchange relationships.  In B. M. DePaulo, A. Nadler, & J. D. Fisher (Eds.), New directions in helping, vol. 2:  Recipient reactions to aid.  New York:  Academic Press.

Clark, M. S.  (1984a).  A distinction between two types of relationships and its implications for development.  In J. C. Masters and K. Yarkin-Levin (Eds.), Boundary areas in social and developmental psychology.  New York:  Academic Press.

Clark, M. S. (1984b).  Record keeping in two types of relationships.  .Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 47, 549-557.

Clark, M. S. (1986).  Evidence for the effectiveness of manipulations  of desire for communal and exchange relationships.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 12, 414-425.

Clark, M. S., & Mills, J. (1979).  Interpersonal attraction in exchange and communal relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 12-24.

Clark, M. S., Mills, J., & Powell, M. (1986).  Keeping track of needs in exchange and communal relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 333-338.

Clark, M. S., Ouellette, R., Powell, M. C., & Milberg, S.  (1987).  Recipient's mood, relationship type, and helping.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 94-103.

Clark, M. S., Taraban, C., Ho, J., & Wesner, K.  (1989).  A measure of exchange orientation.  Unpublished manuscript, Carnegie Mellon University.

Clark, M. S., & Waddell, B.  (1985).  Perceptions of exploitation in communal and exchange relationships.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2, 403-418.

Craig, M. E.  (1990).  Coercive sexuality in dating relationships:  A situational model.  Clinical Psychology Review, 10, 395-423.

Cupach, W. R., & Comstock, J.  (1990).  Satisfaction with sexual communication in marriage:  Links to sexual satisfaction and dyadic adjustment.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 179-186.

Cupach, W. R., & Metts, S.  (1991).  Sexuality and communication in close relationships.  In K. McKinney and S. Sprecher (Eds.), Sexuality in close relationships (pp. 93-111).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Fagan, P. J., Wise, T. N., Schmidt, C. W., Jr., Ponticas, Y., & Marshall, R. D.  (1991).  A comparison of five-factor personality dimensions in males with sexual dysfunction and males with paraphilia.  Journal of Personality Assessment, 57, 434-448.

Fisher, T. D., & Hall, R. G.  (1988).  A scale for the comparison of the sexual attitudes of adolescents and their parents.  Journal of Sex Research, 24, 90-100.

Gerrard, M.  (1987).  Sex, sex guilt, and contraceptive use revised:  The 1980s.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 975-980.

Griffin, D. W., & Bartholomew, K.  (1994).  The  metaphysics of measurement: The case of adult attachment.  In K. Bartholomew &  D. Perlman (Eds.) Advances in personal relationships Vol.5: Attachment processes in adulthood (pp. 17-52). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Hatcher, R. et al. (1990).  Contraceptive technology 1990-1992. New York: Irvington Publishers.

Hatfield, E., Greenberger, D., Traupmann, J., & Lambert, P.  (1982).  Equity and sexual satisfaction in recently married couples.  The Journal of Sex Research, 18, 18-31.

Hatfield, E., Traupmann, J., Sprecher, S., Utne, M., & Hay, J.  (1985).  Equity and intimate relations:  Recent research.  In W. Ickes (Ed.), Compatible and incompatible relationships (pp. 91-117).  New York:  Springer-Verlag.

Hatfield, E., Utne, M. K., & Traupmann, J.  (1979).  equity theory and intimate relationships.  In R. L. Burgess & T. L. Huston (Eds.), Social exchange in developing relationships (pp. 93-133).  New York:  Academic Press.

Hazan, C., & Shaver, P.  (1987).  Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 511-524.

Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1986).  A theory and method of love.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 511-524.

Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1988).  Lovers wear rose colored glasses.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationship, 5, 161-183.

Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1989).  Research on love:  Does it measure up?  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 784-794.

Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1990).  A relationship-specific version of the Love Attitudes Scale.  Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 5, 239-254.

Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1991).  Dimensions of love:  A sociobiological interpretation.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 10, 206-230.

Hendrick, C., Hendrick, S. S., Foote, F. H., & Slapion-Foote, M. J.  (1988).  Do men and women love differently?  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 1, 177-195.

Hendrick, S. S., & Hendrick, C.  (1987a).  Multidimensionality of sexual attitudes.  Journal of Sex Research, 23, 502-526.

Hendrick, S. S., & Hendrick, C.  (1987b).  Love and sex attitudes and religious beliefs.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 5, 391-398.

Hendrick, S. S., & Hendrick, C.  (1987c).  Love and sexual attitudes, self-disclosure and sensation seeking.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationship, 4, 281-297.

Hendrick, S. S., & Hendrick, C.  (1991).  Human sexuality.  In V. J. Derlega, B. A. Winstead, & W. H. Jones (Eds.), Personality:  Contemporary theory and research  (pp. 433-452).  Chicago:  Nelson-Hall.

Hendrick, S. S., Hendrick, C., & Adler, N. L  (1988).  Romantic relationships:  Love, satisfaction, and staying together.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 980-988.

Hendrick, S. S., Hendrick, C., Slapion-Foote, M. J., & Foote, F. H.  (1985).  Gender differences in sexual attitudes.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1630-1642.

Herold, E. S., & Way, L. W.  (1988).  Sexual self-disclosure among university women. Journal of Sex Research, 24, 1-14.

Hughes, T. G., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1990).  Communal and exchange approaches to sexual relations.  Annals of Sex Research, 3, 149-164.

Hurlbert, D. F., & Apt, C.  (1991).  Sexual narcissism and the abusive male.  Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 17, 279-292.

Kalichman, S. C., Sarwer, D. B., Johnson, J. R., Ali, S. A., Early, J., & Tuten, J. T.  (1993).  Sexually coercive behavior and love styles:  A replication and extension.  Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 6, 93-106.

Kirkpatrick, L. A., & Davis, K. E.  (1994).  Attachment style, gender, and relationship stability:  A longitudinal analysis.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 502-512.

Lawrance, K., & Byers, E. S.  (1995).  Sexual satisfaction in long-term heterosexual relationships:  The interpersonal exchange model of sexual satisfaction.  Personal Relationships, 2, 267-285.

Leary, M. R., & Dobbins, S. E.  (1983).  Social anxiety, sexual behavior, and contraceptive use.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1347-1354.

Main, M., Kaplan, N., & Cassidy, J. (1985).  Security in infancy, childhood, and adulthood: A move to the level of representation.  In I. Bretherton & E. Waters (Eds.), Growing points of attachment theory and research, (Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, Vol. 50, Serial No. 209, pp. 66-104).  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

McKinney, K., & Sprecher, S.  (Eds.)  (1989).  Human sexuality:  The societal and interpersonal context.  Norwood, NJ:  Ablex Publishing Corporation.

McKinney, K., & Sprecher, S.  (Eds.)  (1991).  Sexuality in close relationships.  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Milan, R. J., & Kilmann, P. R.  (1987).  Interpersonal factors in premarital contraception.  The Journal of Sex Research, 23, 289-321.

Mills, J., & Clark, M. S.  (1982).  Exchange and communal relationships.  In L. Wheeler (Ed.), Review of personality and social psychology.  Beverly Hills:  Sage.

Mills, J., & Clark, M. S.  (1986).  Communications that should lead to perceived exploitation in communal and exchange relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 4, 225-234.

Morrison, D. M. (1985). Adolescent contraceptive behavior: A review.  Psychological Bulletin, 98, 538-568.

Mosher, D. L.  (1991).  Macho men, machismo, and sexuality.   Annual Review of Sex Research, 2, 199-247.

Mosher, D. L., & Anderson, R. D.  (1986).  Macho personality, sexual aggression, and reactions to guided imagery of realistic rape.  Journal of Research in Personality, 20, 77-94.

Roche, J. P.  (1986).  Premarital sex:  Attitudes and behavior by dating stage.  Adolescence, 21, 107-121.

Sarwer, D. B., Kalichman, S. C., Johnson, J. R., Ali, S. A., Early, J., & Ali, S. A.  (1993).  Sexual aggression and love styles:  An exploratory study.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 22, 265-275.

Scharfe, E., & Bartholomew, K.  (1994).  Reliability and stability of adult attachment patterns.  Personal Relationships, 1, 23-43.

Shaver, P. R., Hazen, C., & Bradshaw, D.  (1988).  Love as attachment:  The integration of three behavioral systems.  In R. J. Sternberg & M. L. Barnes (Eds.), The psychology of love (pp. 68-99).  New Haven, CT:  Yale University Press.

Simpson, J. A., & Gangestad, S. W.  (1991a).  Personality and sexuality:  Empirical relations and an integrative theoretical model.  In K. McKinney and S. Sprecher (Eds.), Sexuality in close relationships (pp. 71-92).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum.

Simpson, J. A., & Gangestad, S. W.  (1991b).  Individual differences in sociosexuality:  Evidence for convergent and discriminant validity.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 870-883.

Simpson, J. A., & Gangestad, S. W.  (1992).  Sociosexuality and romantic partner choice.  Journal of Personality, 60, 31-51.

Simpson, J. A., Rholes, W. S., & Nelligan, J. S.  (1992).  Support seeking and support giving within couples in an anxiety-provoking situation:  The role of attachment styles.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 434-446.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (in press-a).  The Extended Multidimensional Sexuality Questionnaire. In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bauserman, G. Schreer, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Sexuality-related measures:  A compendium.  Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (in press-b).  The Multidimensional Sexual Perfectionism Questionnaire.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bauserman, G. Schreer, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Sexuality-related measures:  A compendium.  Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Belk, S. S.  (1985).  On assessing “equity” in intimate relationships.  Representative Research in Social Psychology, 15, 16-24.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1986). The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale (SAMSS):  Components, correlates, antecedents, consequences, and counselor bias.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Document, 16, 9.  (Ms. No. 2746)

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C.  II  (1990).  Cognitive beliefs about male sexuality:  The impact of gender roles and counselor perspectives.  Journal of Rational-Emotive Therapy, 8, 249-265.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., Papini, D. R., & Clark, S.  (1989).  Development and validation of the Sexual Self-Disclosure Scale.  Annals of Sex Research, 2, 307-334.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P.  (1990).  Interpersonal strategies associated with the discussion of AIDS.  Annals of Sex Research, 3,  425-451.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher T. D., & Miller, R.  (1991).  Development of the Sexual Awareness Questionnaire:  Components, reliability, and validity.  Annals of Sex Research, 4, 65-92.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher T. D., & Schuh, T.  (1992).  Reliability and validity of the Sexuality Scale:  A measure of sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 29,  261-273.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Fisher T. D., & Walters, A. S.  (1993).  The Multidimensional Sexuality Questionnaire:  An objective self-report measure of psychological tendencies associated with human sexuality.  Annals of Sex Research, 6, 27-55.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Hawkins, R. C. II., & Belk, S. S.  (1988).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 42-48.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Papini, D. R.  (1989).  The Sexuality Scale:  An instrument to measure sexual-esteem, sexual-depression, and sexual-preoccupation.  Journal of Sex Research, 26, 256-263.

Snyder, M., Simpson, J. A., & Gangestad, S.  (1986).  Personality and sexual relations.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 125-139.

Spence, J. T., Losoff, M., & Robbins, A. S.  (1991).  Sexually aggressive tactics in dating relationships:  Personality and attitudinal correlates.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 10, 289-304.

Trussell, J. et al. (1990). A guide to interpreting contraceptive efficacy studies. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 76, 558.

Trussell, J., & Kost, K. (1987).  Contraceptive failure in the United States: A critical review of the literature.   Studies in Family Planning, 18, 237.

Walster, E., Traupmann, J., & Walster, G. W.  (1978).  Equity and extramarital sexuality.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 7, 127-142.

Walster, E., Walster, G. W., & Berscheid, E.  (1978).  Equity:  Theory and research.  Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

Walster, E., Walster, G. W., & Traupmann, J.  (1978).  Equity and premarital sex.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 82-92.

Weinstein, D. H. (1984).  Why it won't happen to me:  Perceptions of risk factors and susceptibility.  Health Psychology, 3, 431-457.

Whitley, B. E.  (1990).  College student contraceptive use:  A multivariate analysis.  The Journal of Sex Research, 27, 305-313.

Wiederman, M. W., & Allgeier, E. R.  (1993).  The measurement of sexual-esteem:  Investigation of Snell and Papini's (1989) Sexuality Scale.  Journal of Research in Personality, 27, 88-102.

Zilbergeld, B.  (1978).  Male sexuality.  New York:  Bantam Books, Inc.

Zlokovich, M. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (in press).  The relationship between adult attachment relationships, illusion of fertility control, contraceptive efficacy, and contraceptive choice.  Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality.

Zuckerman, M.  (1988).  Human Sexuality Questionnaire.  In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, and S. L. Davis (Eds.), Sexuality-related measures:  A compendium (pp. 92-98).  Lake Mills, IA:  Graphic Publishing Company.


Chapter 19 – References

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (in press).  Avoidance strategy use.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1985, April).  The attribution of beliefs about women to mentally healthy women and men:  The influence of counseling orientation.    Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Austin, Texas.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986a).  The Beliefs About Women Scale (BAWS):  Components and correlates.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 12, 403-413.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986b).  The Beliefs About Women Scale (BAWS):  Scale development and validation.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Documents, 16, 10.  (Ms. No. 2747)

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986c, April).  Stereotypic beliefs about women as moderators of stress-distress relationships.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Fort Worth, Texas.

Belk, S. S., Snell, W. E., Jr., Garcia-Falconi, R., & Hernandez-Sanchez, J. E.  (1985, April).  Mental health standards for women and men:  A cross-cultural study of mentally healthy beliefs about women.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Austin, Texas.

Berschied, E., & Hatfield(Walster), E.  (1974).  Physical attractiveness.  In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology,  vol. 7 (157-215).  New York:  Academic Press.

Brundage, L.E., Derlega, V. J., & Cash, T. F.  (1977).  The effects of physical attractiveness and need for approval on self-disclosure.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 3, 63-66.

Byrne, D., & Byrne, L. A.  (Eds.)  (1977).  Exploring human sexuality.  New York:  Harper & Row.

Byrne, D., & Fisher, W. A.  (1983).  Adolescents, sex, and contraception.  Hillsdale, NJ:  Erlbaum.

Delamater, J., & MacCorquodale, P.  (1979).  Premarital sexuality:  Attitudes, relationships, behavior.  Madison:  University of Wisconsin Press.

Feinman, S., & Gill, G. W.  (1978).  Sex differences in physical attractiveness preferences.  Journal of Social Psychology, 105, 43-52.

Finney, P., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1987a, April).  A scale to measure stereotypes about the general appearance of individuals.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southwestern Psychological Association, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Finney, P., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1987b, April).  Development of the Stereotypes About Personal Appearance Scale (SAPAS).  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southwestern Psychological Association, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Gross. A. E.  (1980).  The male role and heterosexual behavior.  In T. M. Skovholt, P. G. Schauble, & R. Davis (Eds.), Counseling men (pp. 52-70).  Monterey, California:  Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.

Hatfield, E., & Sprecher, S.  (1986).  Mirror, mirror:  The importance of looks in everyday life.  Albany, NY:  SUNY Press.

Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S.  (1986).  A theory and method of love.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 392-402.

Hendrick, C., Hendrick, S., Foote, F. H., & Slapion-Foote, M. J.  (1984).  Do men and women love differently?  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 1, 177-195.

Hendrick, S., Hendrick, C., Slapion-Fotte, M. J., & Foote, F. H.  (1985).  Gender differences in sexual attitudes.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1630-1642.

Hopkins, J. R.  (1977).  Sexual behavior in adolescence.  Journal of Social Issues, 33(2), 67-85.

Kaats, G. R., & Davis, K. E.  (1970).  The dynamics of sexual behavior of college students.  Journal of Marriage and the Family, 32, 390-399.

Kaplan, H. S.  (1974).  The new sex therapy:  Active treatment of sexual dysfunctions.  Brunner/Mazel:  New York.

Kaplan, H. S.  (1979).  Disorders of sexual desire.  Brunner/Mazel:  New York.

Leary, M. R., & Dobbins, S. E.  (1983).  Social anxiety, sexual behavior, and contraceptive use.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1347-1354.

Lewis, R. A.  (1980).  Emotional intimacy among men.  In T. M. Skovholt, P. G. Schauble, & R. Davis (Eds.), Counseling men (pp. 79-91).  Monterey, California:  Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.

Masters, W. H., Johnson, V. E., Kolodny, R. C.  (1982).  Human sexuality.  Boston:  Little and Brown.

Mercer, G. W., & Kohn, P. M.  (1979).  Gender differences in the integration of conservatism, sex urge, and sexual behaviors among college students.  Journal of Sex Research, 15, 129-142.

Mosher, D. L.  (1979).  Sex guilt and sex myths in college men and women.  Journal of Sex Research, 15, 224-234.

Peplau, L. A., Rubin, Z., & Hill, C. T.  (1977).  Sexual intimacy in dating relationships.  Journal of Social Issues, 33(2), 86-109.

Rosenbaum, S.  (1970).  Pretended orgasm.  Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, 4, 84, 88-91, 95-96.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986a).  Convergent and discriminant validity of the Masculine Role Inventory.  Submitted for publication.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986b).  The Masculine Role Inventory:  Components and correlates.  Sex Roles, 15, 443-455.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1987, April).  Measurement of multiple features of the masculine role.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II  (1987).  Alcohol and drug use in stressful times:  The influence of the masculine role and sex-related personality attributes.  Sex Roles, 16, 359-373.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II  (1986).  The masculine role as a moderator of stress-distress relationships.  Sex Roles, 15, 359-366.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II.  (1986).  The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale (SAMSS):  Components, correlates, antecedents, consequences, and counselor bias.   Social and Behavioral Sciences Documents, 16, 9.  (Ms. No. 2746)

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P.  (1987, April).  The Stereotypes About Women's Appearance Scale (SAWAS).  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Hawkins, R. C. II., & Belk, S. S.  (in press).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.

Chapter 20 – References
 

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (in press, a).  Avoidance strategy use.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (in press, b).  The Beliefs About Women Scale (BAWS):  Components and correlates.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1985, April).  The attribution of beliefs about women to mentally healthy women and men:  The influence of counseling orientation.    Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Austin, Texas.

Belk, S. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986, April).  Stereotypic beliefs about women as moderators of stress-distress relationships.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Fort Worth, Texas.

Belk, S. S., Snell, W. E., Jr., Garcia-Falconi, R., & Hernandez-Sanchez, J. E.  (1985, April).  Mental health standards for women and men:  A cross-cultural study of mentally healthy beliefs about women.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Austin, Texas.

Berschied, E., & Hatfield(Walster), E.  (1974).  Physical attractiveness.  In Advances in experimental social psychology, ed. L. Berkowitz, vol. 7, 157-215.  New York:  Academic Press.

Brundage, L.E., Derlega, V. J., & Cash, T. F.  (1977).  The effects of physical attractiveness and need for approval on self-disclosure.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 3, 63-66.

Byrne, D., & Dyrne, L. A.  (Eds.)  (1977).  Exploring human sexuality.  New York:  Harper & Row.

Byrne, D., & Fisher, W. A.  (1983).  Adolescents, sex, and contraception.  Hillsdale, NJ:  Erlbaum.

Delamater, J., & MacCorquodale, P.  (1979).  Premarital sexuality:  Attitudes, relationships, behavior.  Madison:  University of Wisconsin Press.

Feinman, S., & Gill, G. W.  (1978).  Sex differences in physical attractiveness preferences.  Journal of Social Psychology, 105, 43-52.

Finney, P., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1987a, April).  A scale to measure stereotypes about the general appearance of individuals.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southwestern Psychological Association, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Finney, P., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1987b, April).  Development of the Stereotypes About Personal Appearance Scale (SAPAS).  Paper presented at the annual conference of the Southwestern Psychological Association, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Hatfield, E., & Sprecher, S.  (1986).  Mirror, mirror:  The importance of looks in everyday life.  Albany, NY:  SUNY Press.

Hendrick, C., Hendrick, S., Foote, F. H., & Slapion-Fotte, M. J.  (1984).  Do men and women love differently?  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 1, 177-195.

Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S.  (1986).  A theory and method of love.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 392-402.

Hendrick, S., Hendrick, C., Slapion-Fotte, M. J., & Foote, F. H.  (1985).  Gender differences in sexual attitudes.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1630-1642.

Hopkins, J. R.  (1977).  Sexual behavior in adolescence.  Journal of Social Issues, 33(2), 67-85.

Kaats, G. R., & Davis, K. E.  (1970).  The dynamics of sexual behavior of college students.  Journal of Marriage and the Family, 32, 390-399.

Kinsey, A. C., Pomeroy, W. B., & Martin, C. E.  (1948).  Sexual behavior in the human male.  Philadelphia:  Saunders.

Leary, M. R., & Dobbins, S. E.  (1983).  Social anxiety, sexual behavior, and contraceptive use.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1347-1354.

Mercer, G. W., & Kohn, P. M.  (1979).  Gender differences in the integration of conservatism, sex urge, and sexual behaviors among college students.  Journal of Sex Research, 15, 129-142.

Mosher, D. L.  (1979).  Sex gult and sex myths in college men and women.  Journal of Sex Research, 15, 224-234.

Peplau, L. A., Rubin, Z., & Hill, C. T.  (1977).  Sexual intimacy in dating relationships.  Journal of Social Issues, 33(2), 86-109.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986a).  Convergent and discriminant validity of the Masculine Role Inventory.  Submitted for publication.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1986b).  The Masculine Role Inventory:  Components and correlates.  Sex Roles, 15(7/8), 443-455.

Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1987, April).  Measurement of multiple features of the masculine role.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Belk, S. S.  (1987, April).  Sexual self-disclosure to female and male therapists.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II  (in press).  Alcohol and drug use in stressful times:  The influence of the masculine role and sex-related personality attributes.  Sex Roles.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II  (1986).  The masculine role as a moderator of stress-distress relationships.  Sex Roles, 15(7/8), 359-366.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., & Hawkins, R. C. II  (1986b).  The Stereotypes About Male Sexuality Scale (SAMSS):  Components, correlates, antecedents, consequences, and counselor bias.  Social and Behavioral Sciences Documents, 16, 9.  (Ms. No. 2746)

Snell, W. E., Jr., Hawkins, R. C. II., & Belk, S. S.  (in press).  Stereotypes about male sexuality and the use of social influence strategies in intimate relationships.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.
 

Chapter 21 – References
 

Allegeier, E. R.  (1983).  Ideological barriers to contraception.  In D. Byrne & W. A. Fisher (Eds.), Adolescents, sex, and contraception.  Hillsdale, NJ:  Earlbaum.

Billy, J. O. G., & Udry, J. R.  (1985).  The influence of male and female best friends on adolescent sexual behavior.  Adolescence, 20, 21-32.

Brown, L.  (1984).  Develoment of an attitudes toward contraceptive scale.  Journal of Sex Research, 20, 34-45.

Chelune, G. J.  (1979).  Self-disclosure.  San Francisco:  Jossey-Bass.

Chilman, C. S.  (1986).  Some psychological aspects of adolescent sexual and contraceptive behaviors in a changing American society.  In J. B. Lancaster & B. A. Hamburg (Eds.), School-age pregnancy and parenthood:  Biosocial dimensions.  NY: Adline DeGruyter.

Cohen, G. K., & Rose, P.  (1984).  Parent, peer and partner influences on adolescent contraceptive behavior.  Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 14, 23-32.

Cvetkovich, G., & Grote, B.  (1979).  Psychosocial maturity, ego identify, and fertility related behavior.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association.

Cvetkovich, G., & Grote, B.  (1981).  Psychosocial maturity and teenage contraceptive use:  An investigation of decision making and communication skills.  Population and Environment, 12, 211-226.

Cvetkovich, G., & Grote, B.  (1983).  Adolescent development and teenage fertility.  In D. Byrne & W. A. Fisher (eds.), Adolescents, sex, and contraception.  New York:  Earlbaum.

Cvetkovich, G., Grote, B., Bjorseth, A., & Sarkissian, J.  (1975).  On the psychology of adolescents' use of contraceptives.  Journal of Sex Research, 11, 256-270.

Darling, C. A., & Hicks, M. W.  (1982).  Parental influence on adolescent sexuality:  Implications for parents as educators.  Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 11, 231-245.

Elkind, D.  (1967).  Egocentrism in adolescence.  Child Development, 38, 1025-1034.

Erikson, E. H.  (1968).  Identity:  Youth and crisis.  NY:  Norton.

Fox, G. L.  (1981).  The family's role in adolescent sexual behavior.  In T. Ooms (ed.), Teenage pregnancy in a family context.  Philadelphia:  Temple University Press.

Furstenberg, F. F., Jr., Herceg-Baron, R., Shea, J., & Webb, D.  (1986).  Family communication and contraceptive use among exually active adolescents.  In J. B. Lancaster & b. A. Hamburg (eds.), School-age pregnancy and parenthood:  Biosocial dimensions.  New York:  Aldine DeGruyter.

Gagnon, J., & Simon, W.  (1973).  Sexual conduct:  The social sources of human sexuality.  Chicago:  Aldine.

Gerrard, M.  (198x).

Grotevant & Cooper (1983).

Hauser, (1984).

Jessor, S., & Jessor, R.  (1975).  Transition from virginity to nonvirginity among youth:  A social-psychological study over time.  Developmental psychology, 11, 473-484.

Jones, J. B., & Philliber, S.  (1983).  Sexually active but not pregnant:  A comparison of teens who risk and teens who plan.  Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 12, 235-251.

Kahn, J. R.  (1985).  Sexual messages:  Parental influences on children's sexual development.  In D. C. Goldberg (Ed.), Contemporary marriage (pp. 261-288).  Dorsey:  Homewood, Ill.

Lechner, C. R., & Rosenthal, D. A.  (1983).  Adolescent self-consciousness and the imaginary audience.  Journal of Genetic Psychology, 124, 456-471.

Levine, J. B., Green, C., J.,  & Millon, T.  (1986).  The separation individuation test of adolescence.  Journal of Personality Assessment, 50, 123-137.

Lombardo, J. P., & Berzonsky, L. O.  (1980).  Sex-role stereotyping and patterns of self-disclosure.  Sex Roles, 7, 403-411.

Mahler  (1968).

McNab, W.  (1976).  Sexual attitude development in children and the parents' role.  Journal of School Health, 46, 537-542.

Olson, C. F., & Worobey, J.  (1984).  Perceived mother-daughter relations in a pregnant and nonpregnant adolescent sample.  Adolescence, 19, 781-794.

Olson, D. H., Portner, J., & Lavee, Y.  (1985).  FACES III.  In D. H. Olson et al. (Eds.), Family inventories.  St Paul, MN:  Family Social Science, University of Minnesota.

Oskamp, S., & Mendick, B.  (1983).  Personality and attitudinal barriers to contraception.  In D. Byrne & W. A. Fisher (Eds.), Adolescents, sex, and contraception.  Hillsdale, NJ: Earlbaum.

Papini, D. R., & Sebby, R. A.  (1987).  Adolescent pubertal status and affective family relationships:  A multivariate assessment.  Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16, 1-15.

Papini, D. R., Snell, W. E., Jr., & Clark, S.  (1988).  Quality of separation-individuation and late adolescent perceptions of family adaptability and cohesion.  Presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence.

Polit-O'Hara, D., & Kahn, J. R.  (1985).  Communication and contraceptive practices in adolescent couples.  Adolescence, 20, 33-43.

Shoemaker, A. L.  (1980).  Construct validity of area specific self-esteem:  The Hare Self-esteem Scale.  Educational and Psychological Measurement, 40, 495-501.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Belk, S. S.  (1987).  Construction and validation of the Sexual Self-Disclosure Scale.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Snell, W. E., Jr., Belk, S. S., Papini, D. R., & Clark, S.  (1988).  Validation of the revised Sexual Self-Disclosure Scale.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Sonenstein, F. L.  (1986).  Risking paternity:  Sex and contraception among adolescent males.  In A. B. Elster and M. E. Lamb (eds.), Adolescent fatherhood.  Hillsdale, NJ:  Earlbaum.

Steirlin  (1981).

Chapter 22 – References
 

........ Adler, N. L., & Hendrick, S. S.  (1991).  Relationships between contraceptive behavior and love attitudes, sex attitudes, and self‑esteem.  Journal of Counseling and Development, 70, 302‑308.

........ Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G.  (1991).  Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions.  London: Sage. 

........ Ainsworth, M. D. S.  (1979).  Infant‑mother attachment.  American Psychologist, 34, ... 932‑937.

........ Ainsworth, M. D. S.  (1989).  Attachments beyond infancy.  American Psychologist, 44, 709‑716.

........ Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S.  (1978).  Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation.  Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

........ Bartholomew, K.  (1990).  Avoidance of intimacy:  An attachment perspective. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 147‑178.

........ Bartholomew, K.  (1993).  From childhood to adult relationships: Attachment theory and research.  In S. Duck (Ed.), Learning about relationships (pp. 30‑62). Newbury Park, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

........ Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L. M.  (1991).  Attachment styles among young adults:  A test of a four‑category model.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 226‑244.

........ Bowlby, J.  (1969).  Attachment and loss: Vol.1. Attachment.  New York: Basic.

........ Bowlby, J.  (1973).  Attachment and loss: Vol.2. Separation.  New York: Basic.

........ Bowlby, J.  (1977).  The making and breaking of affectional bonds.  British Journal of Psychiatry, 130, 201‑210.

........ Bowlby, J.  (1980).  Attachment and loss: Vol.3. Loss, sadness and depression. New York:  Basic.

........ Bowlby, J.  (1982).  Attachment and loss: Vol.1. Attachment (2nd ed.).  New York: Basic.  (Original work published 1969).

........ Cohen, J., & Cohen, P.  (1975).  Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences.  Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

........ Cline, R. J. W., Engel, J. L., & Johnson, S. J.  (1989).  Practicing safer sex versus practicing sexual roulette: A survey of college students' AIDS‑related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors.  Unpublished manuscript, University of Florida, Department of ........ Communication Processes and Disorders, Communication Studies Division, Gainesville.

........ Gerrard, M.  (1987).  Sex, sex guilt, and contraceptive use revised:  The 1980s. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 975‑980.

........ Griffin, D. W., & Bartholomew, K.  (1994).  The  metaphysics of measurement: The case of adult attachment.  In K. Bartholomew &  D. Perlman (Eds.) Advances in personal relationships Vol.5: Attachment processes in adulthood (pp. 17‑52). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

........ Hatcher, R. et al. (1990). Contraceptive technology 1990‑1992. New York: Irvington Publishers.

........ Hazan, C., & Shaver, P.  (1987).  Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 511‑524.

........ Herold, E. S., & Way, L. W.  (1988).  Sexual self‑disclosure among university women. Journal of Sex Research, 24, 1‑14.

........ Langer, E. J. (1975). The illusion of control.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32, 311‑328.

........ Leary, M. R., & Dobbins, S. E.  (1983).  Social anxiety, sexual behavior, and contraceptive use.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1347‑1354.

........ Main, M., Kaplan, N., & Cassidy, J. (1985).  Security in infancy, childhood, and adulthood: A move to the level of representation.  In I. Bretherton & E. Waters (Eds.), Growing points of attachment theory and research, (Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, Vol. 50, Serial No. 209, pp. 66‑104).  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

........ Milan, R. J., & Kilmann, P. R.  (1987).  Interpersonal factors in premarital contraception.  The Journal of Sex Research, 23, 289‑321.

........ Morrison, D. M. (1985). Adolescent contraceptive behavior: A review. Psychological Bulletin, 98, 538‑568.

........ Scharfe, E., & Bartholomew, K.  (1994).  Reliability and stability of adult attachment patterns.  Personal Relationships, 1, 23‑43.

........ Simpson, J. A., Rholes, W. S., & Nelligan, J. S.  (1992).  Support seeking and support giving within couples in an anxiety‑provoking situation:  The role of attachment styles. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 434‑446.

........ Trussell, J., & Kost, K. (1987).  Contraceptive failure in the United States: A critical review of the literature.   Studies in Family Planning, 18, 237.

........ Trussell, J. et al. (1990). A guide to interpreting contraceptive efficacy studies. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 76, 558.

........ U. S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). (1980).  The status of children, youth, and families, 1979.  (DHHS Publication No. OHDS 80‑30274). Washington, DC:  U. S. Government Printing Office.

........ Weinstein, D. H. (1984).  Why it won't happen to me:  Perceptions of risk factors and susceptibility.  Health Psychology, 3, 431‑457.

........ Whitley, B. E.  (1990).  College student contraceptive use:  A multivariate analysis. The Journal of Sex Research, 27, 305‑313.

........ Zlokovich, M. S.  (1992).  Late adolescent sexuality and contraception: The influence of sex role orientation, locus of control, illusion of fertility control, and experience.   Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville.

........ Zlokovich, M. S.  (1993, May).  Late adolescent sexuality and contraception: The influence of sex role orientation, locus of control, illusion of fertility control, and experience. Poster presented at the Midcontinent Region Annual Conference of The Society for the ... Scientific Study of Sex, Cincinnati, OH.

........ Zlokovich, M. S., & Snell, W. E., Jr.  (1994, May).  The relationship between adult attachment relationships, illusion of fertility control, contraceptive efficacy, and contraceptive choice. Paper presented at the Midcontinent Region Annual Conference of The Society for the Scientific Study of Sex, Austin, TX.

 

Chapter 23 – References
 

Burt, M. R.  (1980).  Cultural myths and supports for rape.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 217—230.

Burt, M. R., & Albin, R. S.  (1981).  Rape myths, rape definitions, and probability of conviction.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 11, 212—230.

Deitz, S. R., Blackwell, K. T., Daley, P. C., & Bentley, B. J.  (1982).  Measurement of empathy toward rape victims and rapists.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 372—384.

Feild, H. S.  (1978).  Attitudes toward rape:  A comparative analysis of police, rapists, crisis counselors, and citizens.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 156—179.

Hall, E. R.  (1987).  Adolescents' perceptions of sexual assault.  Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 13, 37—42.

Selby, J. W., Calhoun, L. G., & Brock, T. A.  (1977).  Sex differences in the social perception of rape victims.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 3, 412—415.

 

 


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William E. Snell, Jr., Ph.D.
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