Carnahan Hall Russell Renka
Renka's Home Page
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Voting in Cape Girardeau: Election Information
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Renka, Madison and Federalism
Renka, The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly of Public Opinion Polls
|PS103 - U.S. Political Systems||Professor Russell D. Renka|
|Spring 2008 - Southeast Missouri State University||Campus Office: Carnahan 211L; Mail Stop 2920|
|Section 09 - MWF 1:30-2:20 p.m. in Carnahan 202||Office Hours: MWF 10:00-10:50 a.m. or by appointment|
|Section 10 - TR 2:00-3:15 p.m. in Carnahan 202||Office Telephone: (573) 651-2692|
|Renka Home Page: http://cstl-cla.semo.edu/renka/||Office FAX: (573) 651-2695|
|Renka e-mail: email@example.com||Department Telephone: (573) 651-2183|
Introduction Next down; Top
This course addresses government and politics of the United States and its states, including the State of Missouri. Governments have special authority granted to no other organizations--the power to make laws and regulations and to enforce them, and to collect taxes from all of us. Government is a nearly universal way human beings regulate themselves and their fellows. Included here is coverage of our federal and state constitutions which provide the sovereign authority for these governments to exist and exercise powers over us. The course fulfills the Political Systems requirement of the University Studies Program.
Politics is the study of the uses of power in pursuit of public objectives. It's amenable to scientific treatment, and I'm a political scientist. You must learn some politics to truly understand government. We'll go beyond dry formalities of government structure and functions such as "how a bill becomes law" (seen in every textbook). Politics explains why one bill becomes law and a host of fellows fall short. For example, the Republican-majority 104th Congress passed a minimum wage increase in 1996 despite the traditional Republican disdain of such measures and the ardent hostility of many Members of Congress toward it; but politics can explain why and how this happened.
This is also a civics course. Wikipedia acceptably defines civics as "education in the obligations and the rights of the citizen under (some political or ethical tradition such as the American one)." Not every student wants a dose of this, but it's good medicine. Many Americans in 2008 dislike politics, politicians, and government. But it's a democracy, it affects you, and you have no way out of that. Effective citizenship in democracy is a worthy personal goal. It requires real knowledge of both government and politics.
This course is taught at three levels. Some material is basic description, such as an outline of the trimester system set forth in the Supreme Court's highly controversial Roe v. Wade abortion decision, or a specification of what the First Amendment says about freedom of speech. Some is analytic; once you know basics, you can interpret whether the distinction in law of first and second trimesters makes sense based on what we know from medical research, or whether public tobacco advertising should be classified as commercial speech. And ultimately you confront the evaluative or judgmental; you ultimately decide what if anything to accept in Roe v. Wade or in tobacco advertising. All have the objective of enabling you to understand what you read or hear in the public realm, and to react as an informed consumer and citizen. Essay portions of exams are designed to let you show knowledge at each of these levels.
This course emphasizes two core University Studies Program Objectives. First is effective citizenship. The course should enhance your ability to be an informed participant and knowledgeable consumer. This does not mean I promote an automatic acceptance of the American status quo; quite the contrary, blind acceptance is a fool's path. The second, equally important objective is to master locating and gathering information. Few things are more confusing to the average American than to figure out sources of the myriad effects our government has upon our lives. Website access is a great help, but one must still learn navigation and acquisition skills. Some assignments are therefore designed to ensure that you become conversant in web usage beyond the simple use of search terms in your favorite search engine.
Online Instructor Suite (OIS): Next Down; Top
OIS is run by Center for Scholarship in Teaching and Learning. We have a class bulletin board called Forum, a locale for posting papers and assignments called Drop Box, and a personal grade and assignment record called Gradebook. Utest is available for quizzes and short sample tests taken online (more on that below).
Course Textbook and Readings: Next Down; Top
Textbook: Patterson, Thomas E. 2008. The American Democracy, 8th ed. New York: McGraw Hill. This is issued by Textbook Service. See Self Study (from The American Democracy Companion Website) with chapter summary, flash cards, glossary, and self-tests. I recommend you regularly do these Multiple Choice quizzes to stay current with the reading.
Second Book: Morris P. Fiorina with Samuel J. Abrams and Jeremy C. Pope, Culture War? The Myth of a Polarized America, 2d ed. New York: Pearson Education, Inc., 2005. Southeast Bookstore has used copies for $10.70 and a handful of new ones at $15.20. (You can also get it used at Amazon for about $5.75 up, but shipping brings net cost close to $10). On Itinerary it's cited simply as Culture War? in italics.
Other readings are specified in the Weekly Readings and Examination Itinerary below.
Web Reference Sources: Paul M. Johnson's website has fundamental terminology used widely in political science, economics, and policy analysis classes, at A Glossary of Political Economy Terms. Use it along with Wikipedia--and be careful in using the latter.
Course Requirements and Credits Next down; Top
Examinations: The 16-week course has four sections, each ending with an examination worth 200 points. Each exam has two sections. There is an in-class multiple-choice part worth 100 points; and there is a take-home essay also worth 100.
The multiple choice questions cover all readings, classroom materials, and other materials we may address during that four-week period. These questions combine the basic and the analytic, but largely bypass the judgmental (although some will require you to recognize an opinion of a writer or your instructor on an issue raised in class and/or readings). On the proportion of questions taken directly from reading, v. those taken from lecture: both are important, and single items often blend both. Net Value: 100 points per exam, 400 points in all.
The take-home essays are written on your choice from two or three essay options on a basic problem cited in that section. You'll normally have five days to write a paper of about 2.5 to 3 honest pages with appropriate citation of your sources. Each option basically consists of a closely related set of 2 or 3 queries that require you to integrate class material and readings. Typically the first part is basic; for instance, explain the "undue burden" legal standard made in court review of the Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade abortion decision. The next part requires analysis; for instance, explain what's in dispute over this burden. Finally is judgment; considering what you've said before, do you finally accept or reject the Roe v. Wade "undue burden" standard? Remember this: analysis first, then judgments. Moral judgments alone are basically worthless; don't try to substitute your opinion for real evidence. Net Value: 100 points per exam, 400 points in all.
The 4th examination covers material from Weeks 13 through 15 only. The multiple-choice part is done on the date of the final. There is no comprehensive final exam. The 4th essay part is done during Week 15 as an option. So the semester's net value is either 700 points or 800 points.
Polling: I teach about polling because it is such an important technique in modern life for learning about people. It's also a very attractive way to lie or mislead. The web has opened the polling world to millions of people, many of whom do not distinguish among The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly of Polling. So I demonstrate how to do just that in Week 6 on the Itinerary. Value: 50 points.
Political Science Symposia: Our Department will conduct two public symposia this semester on contemporary events of public importance. You should plan to attend both events. If that's impossible, then find comparable events elsewhere. Your assignment is to write a 2 to 3 page summation of what took place at each event. If the summary is adequate, each Symposium earns you 50 points. Total Value: 100 points.
In summary, points are allotted by:
Examinations - multiple choice sections 400 points (100 per exam)
Examinations - take-home essays 400 points (100 per exam); or 300 if 4th essay is not done
Polling Assignment 50 points
Political Science Symposia 100 points
All assignments: 950 points; or 850 if 4th essay is not done
Grades: The online Gradebook posts interim grades and the eventual course grade, to let you keep up with your assignments and grades. It includes a statement on the criteria for A, B, C, and D level performances.
Review for Exams: I run an oral review before each exam. We'll set the time in discussion, but for certain it'll be afternoons other than Fridays. I also do review on the Forum.
Forum: My PS103 classes share a Forum discussion site for material pertinent to this class. It's for addressing what the lecture and readings are about, and for exam preparation. There are also current events on matters related to this class.
Source Citations and Locations Next down; Top
Essay writing in PS103 means using and citing sources, including but not limited to those cited as reading in this Syllabus. Use any style guide you wish, but do not fail to cite the source when copying or paraphrasing a source. If you have an established major, use the style guide from that profession. I don't care which one you use in PS103; just pick one and be consistent in its use. As a time-saver, whenever you use class readings as sources, you can copy the formal citation straight from this syllabus Itinerary and paste it to your paper. For assistance with writing, go to The Writing Center (located in Kent Library 412). Or go on line to OWL, Online Writing Lab; and see OWL Tutorials.
For PS103 paper links done in APA style, you can also use Poly-Cy Guide to Internet Resources for Political Science - Style and Web Site Citation Guides. Elsewhere, Kent Library's Web Searching Tools includes "Deep Web Tools" with links to many databases.
For links on American government and politics, see Grace York's University of Michigan Documents Center and click on appropriate categories, including Federal Government Resources on the Web. Or try Rich Timpone's Interactive American Government Links.
The best way to avoid plagiarism is to acquire the habit of properly citing your source material as you go along. I do so above on the listed books for this course. The books do so as well. See those, or see Strunk and White's guide. I do not stipulate a particular source guide, but will expect you to cite one in your References section of any paper. See Kent Library Learn - Tools for citing sources for proper use of MLA, APA, Chicago Style, and others. The core rule is really very simple: cite your stuff so that anyone who reads your paper can easily track its sources. Give full citation to all sources, including names of all authors, the book/article/website file name or name and position of an interviewee, and all publication information (publisher's location, publisher's name, year of pub, volume and issue of journal, URL of a website plus date of its access). If you got specific information from one page out of 900, cite that page only so your reader avoids poring through 899 pages before finding the one that you used.
On website references, don't ever cite a URL alone, as URLs are frequently changed. If I cannot find your URL, then it won't count as a source. Cite the author, the filename, the URL, and the date or dates of access. Filenames are easily acquired from Google, or take the article's self-assigned title at its heading as the filename. A general guide on separating good from crappy websites is Evaluating Websites from Donnelley and Lee Library in Chicago.
On use of blogs: better establish why it is authoritative enough to use. Some are, but others are just rants. I won't assume a blog is a valid source; you have to establish that it is.
On Wikipedia: I accept these articvle only when coupled with another source on that subject. Wikipedia is useful but also prone to error, so cross-reference anything you get from them with another source.
To do a web search now, proceed here:
What is Expected of You: Next down; Top
Attendance: Those who attend typically do well in my classes. Those who don't, do poorly. Attend each class session unless there’s a valid reason to miss (i.e., personal illness, ill child, death in immediate family, motorcycle wreck, full blown Midwestern blizzard, New Madrid Fault disturbance of 6.5 or higher on the Richter Scale, Armageddon witness, documented seance with Elvis). I frequently use material not from the readings, and you're responsible for it. We often use class discussion for short writing assignments and/or assignments to find relevant information from journals, the library, or websites (per Miscellaneous assignments, cited above). Many of these are done impromptu, and I'm not likely to have it written down in detail where you can be absent and then get everything despite that.
Lateness to class: Just come in quietly. I don’t encourage deliberate lateness, but traffic, weather, and professors in earlier classes all can cause you to arrive five minutes late. But one caution: if you routinely amble in ten minutes late, then find a new class. On my part, we have a clock in class, and I'll try to close on time.
Cheating: I had a certain nasty little test-taking cheater in 2003, haven't forgotten that, and have since studied some methods for catching and docking offenders. If a student cheats on an assignment, it's an automatic zero grade on that work. If there's evidence of cheating on more than one assignment, it's a zero on each affected assignment. Once I have documented evidence of cheating, then I first confront the offender to elicit an explanation of the behavior, after which I file a report with the Department chairperson. If I catch the evidence post hoc and cannot confront the offender, I proceed directly to that report.
Plagiarism: This is the most common form of cheating. Plagiarism is a chronic plague, like malaria. Plagiarists take work by others and pass it off as their own. It's not carefully policed in high school, to say the least. It can be as simple as taking a quotation and failing to show it properly, to lifting an entire piece verbatim and pasting it to one's own paper or exam. In the commercial world, plagiarism occasionally brings lawsuits for copyright violation. In the academic world, it brings verdicts of moral and academic failure on the offenders. It's discussed at Southeast's Policy on Academic Honesty, or Professor Hamner Hill's Policy on Plagiarism. Each has helpful links.
I do not tolerate plagiarism. Our classes at Southeast are small, so I can check for it--and know from bitter experience and decent web-smarts how to find it. If the plagiarism is intentional, I report that as a violation of the University's academic integrity policy while assigning that paper or exam an irreversible grade of zero. If it is not, I return the paper without a grade to its creator for immediate and thorough correction; but I expect the offense never to recur.
On electronic devices in class: Do calls before or after class, not during. Once class starts, Cell phones must be silenced. Should one somehow ring anyway, please silence it immediately and avoid any repeat. Otherwise I'll have to eject the offending instrument. If you must be on phone alert, use vibrate mode only. If a cell phone disobeys these rules, it's gone (but you can stay). Same rules apply for Blackberries and their kin. Likewise, music devices also must be off once you're in class.
And on text messaging: as with Nancy Reagan talking about drugs, just say no. There's two reasons why. One is that I don't buy into the general belief that this generation is adept at multi-tasking so that they can pay attention in class and send messages to and fro at the same time. Automobile drivers are dangerous when a cell phone is attached to one hand and ear, because they pay no damned attention to other drivers. In summer 2005 I saw a woman on Montreal's principal commercial street (Rue St. Catherine) clicking a cell phone number while riding a bicycle in rush hour! Not good. As for the second reason, it's cheating during exams. Messaging information to others is the modern version of whispering the answer or glomming your neighbor's paper--old hat cheating.
Laptops: Those are A-OK in class, and so are voice recorders, so long as they're not diverting you too much.
On guns: Real guns may not attend any of my classes. The Missouri General Assembly passed a "concealed carry" gun statute in 2003 but didn't bother to say when and where it's permissible to pack heat. So I was obliged to write my own law. It's a simple one: no firearms of any kind are permitted in any of my classes, or in my office, under any circumstances. Should there be a violation, I will not confront the offender. Instead I will contact the university's legal authorities and have them press action to ensure that the offender may not continue this practice. There are no exceptions to this rule unless the student is: a) a law enforcement authority authorized to carry a gun in the normal performance of duties, and b) this student gets my advance clearance to carry in class. Note: None of this refers to minor weapons such as Swiss Army knives, Gerber tools, nail files, or the like. I refer to guns.
Services and Special Needs: Just advise me directly if you have specific difficulties that I can help you handle. Also, the Learning Enrichment Center offers special services for those with registered disabilities. On your part: I recommend using Firefox as a browser. That's because Internet Explorer and its associated website creator (SharePoint Designer 2007) specify code that makes it difficult to change font size in IE. But Firefox is very flexible on that. I try to use color and other web design attributes to conform to "Universal Design for Learning" at CAST Center for Applied Special Technology. Again, if there's any problem in your own use, please tell or show me that, and I'll try to fix it.
How to Reach Me: Next down; Top
I'm in each day by about 8:30 a.m. and have an open door policy. Just park
yourself and allow me a minute to complete whatever I'm doing on the computer.
That office is located in Carnahan 211L in the suite next to the PS103 classroom in Carnahan 202.
If I'm out, reach me any of the following ways:
a) Leave a written message at my Department mailbox or with the Department office in Carnahan 211B at the end of the hall. Our Administrative Assistant is Debbie Devenport. You'll meet her or one of our able student assistants.
b) Leave a written message at the mail drop outside my door at Carnahan 211L.
c) Leave a voice mail message at my office telephone number, (573) 651-2692.
d) E-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
e) If you’re out of town, deliver assignments to the Drop Box. Or if no on-line access, you can FAX to 573/651-2695.
f) See Renka's Home Page (URL: cstl-cla.semo.edu/renka) for other details about myself and my courses, including this syllabus. You can always get there simply by writing "renka" at Google and finding "Renka's home page."
PS103 Weekly Readings and Examination Itinerary - Professor Renka - Spring 2008 Top
Master Calendar - click at upper left corner for Academic Calendar
Week 1 - January 14-18 Politics,
Democracy, and Government
º Patterson Chapter 1 - American Political Culture
º The Declaration of Independence - textbook Appendix 1, or on-line: National Archives - Declaration of Independence (URL: www.archives.gov/national-archives-experience/charters/declaration.html)
º on-line reading: America During the Age of Revolution, 1776-1789
º seMissourian.com Story - Missouri tax increase raising ire in Kansas - AP story by David A. Lieb, Monday, 20 August 2007
Week 1 Notes - Why Do We Have Government?
Week 2 - January 22-25 A Constitutional
Monday, January 21 is Martin Luther King Birthday. No class is held.
º Patterson Chapter 2 - Constitutional Democracy
º The Constitution of the United States - Patterson Appendix, pp. A5-A16, or Constitution of the United States at www.archives.gov/national_archives_experience/charters/constitution.html.
º Roger A. Bruns, A More Perfect Union: The Creation of the U.S. Constitution at www.archives.gov/national-archives-experience/charters/constitution_history.html.
º James Madison, Federalist No. 10 in Patterson A-17 to A-20, or www.constitution.org/fed/federa10.htm
Week 2 Notes - Creation of the U.S. Constitution
Week 3 - January 28 - February 1 Federalism and
the American States; U.S. and State
of Missouri Constitutions
º Patterson Chapter 3 - Federalism
º Patterson Chapter 18 - State and Local Politics
º James Madison, The Federalist No. 51 in Patterson A-21 to A-23 or www.constitution.org/fed/federa51.htm
º Russell D. Renka, Madison and Federalism
Week 3 Notes - American Federalism
Week 4 - February 4-8 Civil Liberties **
º Patterson Chapter 4 - Civil Liberties
º Future of the First Amendment - Key Findings (poll from Knight Foundation’s High School Initiative)
Week 4 Notes - Civil Liberties As A National Concern
** Thursday and Friday, February 7-8 - Exam no. 1 (multiple choice, in class) is held
Essay 1 - due by midnight Tuesday, February 12 at the Drop Box
Week 5 - February 11-15 Equal Rights
º Patterson Chapter 5 - Equal Rights
º Ronald L. F. Davis, The History of Jim Crow at www.jimcrowhistory.org/history/overview.htm
º Pew Center's Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes: 1987-2007 at people-press.org/reports/pdf/312.pdf - Section 5 on Race, pp. 39-44
Week 5 Notes - Civil Rights As a Growth Industry
Week 6 - February 18-22
Public Opinion and Polling
º Patterson Chapter 6 - Public Opinion and Political Socialization
º Russell D. Renka, The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly of Public Opinion Polls (and 50 point polling assignment)
º supplement to Patterson 6, p. 172 - subtle bias in polls: USCCB - (Office of Media Relations) - New Poll Americans Continue To Oppose Funding Stem Cell Research That Destroys Human Embryos v. Polling Report's Science and Nature section on Stem cell research
º link out to PollingReport.com - a resource site for a vast array of political polls, including Random Samples
Week 7 - February 25-29 Political Participation and Voting
º Patterson Chapter 7 - Political Participation and Voting
º Voter Turnout from Michael P. McDonald: Turnout Rates for Voting graph; 2004 Voting-Age and Voting-Eligible Population Estimates and Voter Turnout; Midterm 2006 Voter Turnout; and 2008 Presidential Primary compared to Voter_Turnout_2004_Primaries
Week 7 Notes - Voters and Nonvoters
Week 8 - March 3-7 Political Parties and Elections
**Thursday and Friday, March 6-7 - Exam no. 2 (multiple choice, in class) is held.
Essay 2 - due by midnight Sunday, March 9 at the Drop Box
º Patterson Chapter 8 - Political Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns
º Pew Center's Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes: 1987-2007 at people-press.org/reports/pdf/312.pdf - Sections 1 & 2, pp. 7-18 (on parties, and size of government)
º start Morris P. Fiorina, Culture War?, Chapters 1 and 2
Week 8 Notes - The Two-Party System in America
Week of March 10-14 "Spring" Recess - No classes are held.
Week 9 - March 17-20 The National Elections of 2000 to 2008
Friday, March 21 is Good Friday. No classes are held. Also on the preceding day (Thursday March 20) I will be out of town to San Diego CA for a professional conference lasting until Sunday March 23. No class or office hours will be held on either Thursday or Friday.
º Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - 2000 and 2004 presidential election results
º Russell D. Renka, The Election of 2004 and Presidential Election Maps, by County
º Vanishing_Voter_Final_Report_2004_Election from Thomas Patterson (pdf file, 8 pages); and Pew Research Center - Young Voters in the 2008 Presidential Primaries
º Fiorina, Culture War?, Chapters 3 through 6
º background sources for election 2008 news: 1) The Pew Research Center for the People & the Press; 2) Politics - Campaign 2008 - The New York Times
Week 10 - March 24-28 Interest Groups and the News Media
º Patterson Chapter 9 - Interest Groups
Week 10 Notes - Interest Groups and Free Riders
º Patterson Chapter 10 - The News Media
Week 10 Notes - Political Bias in the News Media
Week 11 - March 31-April 4 The U.S. Congress;
Does America have a Culture War?
º Fiorina, Culture War?, Chapters 7 through 10
º Patterson Chapter 11 - Congress, to p. 317
º Pew Center's Trends in Political Values and Core Attitudes: 1987-2007 (pdf file) - Section 4, Religion and Social Issues, pp. 30-38.
Week 11 Notes - The Incumbency Advantage in the U.S. Congress
Week 12 - April 7-11 The U.S. Congress
º Patterson Chapter 11 - Congress, from p. 317
º Russell D. Renka, Presidents and Congresses
º data site: Keith Poole, The Ideological Structure of Congressional Voting, 1927-2000 (still shots of each Congress); and Keith Poole's NOMINATE Roll Call Data, 1st to 109th Congresses
º data site: Psephos - Adam Carr's Election Archive - 2007 U.S. House Congressional Districts, by state
Week 12 Notes - The U.S. Congress At Work
Week 13 - April 14-18 The Presidency **
Monday and Tuesday, April 14-15 - Exam no. 3 (multiple choice, in class) is held, with Fiorina as "open book"
Essay 3 - due by midnight Tuesday, April 15 at the Drop Box
° Patterson Chapter 12 - The Presidency
° Russell D. Renka, Presidential Elections through 2004; Renka, The Election of 2004
° Professor Renka's Presidential Election Maps, by County
° Renka on succession in the modern presidency (Timeline of Modern Presidents)
Week 13 Notes - The Election of Presidents
Week 14 - April 21-25 The Presidency
° Renka, Party Control of the Presidency and Congress, 1933-2008
° Renka on succession in the modern presidency (Timeline of Modern Presidents) - conclusion
Week 14 Notes - Powers of the Modern Presidency
Week 15 - April 28-May 2 War, Peace, and Diplomacy
of a Superpower
° Patterson Chapter 17 - Foreign and Defense Policy
° <<deleted - Patterson on Bureaucracy (deleted from agenda due to lack of time in 15-week semester)>>
Week 15 Notes - none on this material
optional Essay 4 - due by Saturday, May 3 in the Drop Box under Essay 4 heading
The Federal Judiciary
° Patterson Chapter 14 - The Federal Judicial System
Week 15 Notes - The Judiciary as a Lightning Rod
Finals Week - May 5-9
** This is Exam no. 4, not a comprehensive exam. It covers
Weeks 13 through 15.
º Section 09 (MWF 1:30-2:20 p.m.) - Wednesday, May 7 at 12:00 p.m.
º Section 10 (TR 2:00-3:15 p.m.) - Tuesday, May 6 at 2:00 p.m.
Copyright©2008, Russell D. Renka
September 03, 2008 01:37 PM