Party System Maps

Presidential Election Maps, by County

Sources:  The Geo-elections site http://geoelections.free.fr/USA/elec_comtes/2004.htm is under filename Presidential election of 2004 - Map by counties; or for easy navigation among years go directly to http://geoelections.free.fr/USA/elec_comtes/ or Index.  The Parent Directory in English is http://geoelections.free.fr/USA/accueil.htm.  Animation (in French) for all elections 1840 through 2004 is at http://geoelections.free.fr/USA/thema/18562004_intro.htm (intro - separated from original frame) or go direct to http://geoelections.free.fr/USA/thema/18562004_ANIM.htm for sequenced maps from 1840 to 2004.  The recently posted 2008 result is at Presidential election of 2008 - Map by counties.  They do not stop at each one; that's why I posted these for you to sample at leisure.

These are comparable to Dave Leip's Atlas of Presidential Elections but have two distinct advantages.  One is avoidance of confusing red-blue comparisons, as those are hard to see for some people and they are freighted now with undue political significance.  Another is profiling of third parties in green color.  Whichever party it is, the depth of color signifies the size of that county's plurality--so deep blue is heavily Republican, dark brown is heavily Democratic, and dark green is heavily third-party.  If the Republican won a county by plurality but not majority (as in Maine counties in 1992, for instance), the normal blue turns to a light turquoise color.

You can also go to Leip or Geo-elections or elsewhere to pick up state-by-state profiles on who won what.  A discussion of the 2000 and 2004 election results is available on line at Renka's The Election of 2004.  But state-by-state comparing is prone to fallacious and simplified "red state v. blue state" profiling.  The county maps provide an important correction to this, as we shall see.

Below each map I profile the percentage of national popular vote for each major party candidate plus any major third party candidacy; and following that I profile the Electoral College vote division.  For the numerical popular voter division going back to 1892, see Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - Presidential Election Results Comparison; or in print, Congressional Quarterly's Presidential Elections Since 1789.

For 1992 through 2008 elections, see the superior President Map - Election Results 2008 - The New York Times.  The County Leaders displays shows each state's result with each county shaded to show winner and margin; and with zoom in, you get each county's specific result.  County Bubbles shows each county as red (Republican) or blue (Democratic) with size of bubble representing the numerical vote difference of winner from loser; so in Missouri there are two giant blue bubbles for the two large cities, and many small red bubbles for the predominantly Republican rural counties.  Finally, there's Voting Shifts to show any of the five most recent elections comparing the pairs to show gains or losses by that party's nominee.  In 2008 this demonstrates an interesting loss of Democratic vote in an upper south are (eastern Oklahoma through Arkansas and Tennessee up to West Virginia) of Obama in 2008 compared to Kerry in 2004.  Splendid java-based maps for those who would transcend simplistic declarations from some media and find out what really transpired.

Russell Renka, 1/12/2006; revisions for 2008, 1/25/2009

This is 2008:

Obama (D)52.7% to McCain 46.0%; E College:  Obama 365 to McCain 173 (total 538)

This is 2004:

Bush (R) 50.73%, Kerry (D) 48.27%; E College:  Bush 286 to Kerry 252 (total 538)

In 2000:

Bush (R) 47.87%, Gore (D) 48.38%; E College:  Bush 271 to Gore 266 to faithless 1 (total 538)

In 1996:

Clinton (D) 49.23%, Dole (R) 40.72%, Perot 8.40%; E College:  Clinton 379 to Dole 159 to Perot 0 (total 538)

In 1992:

Clinton (D) 43.01%, Bush 37.45%, Perot 18.91%; E College:  Clinton 370 to Bush 168 to Perot 0 (total 538)

In 1988:

Bush (R) 53.37%, Dukakis (D) 45.65%; E College:  Bush 426 to Dukakis 111 to faithless 1 (total 538)

In 1984:

Reagan (R) 58.77%, Mondale (D) 40.56%; E College:  Reagan 525 to Mondale 13 (total 538)

In 1980:

Reagan (R) 50.75%, Carter (D) 41.01%, Anderson 6.61%; E College:  Reagan 489 to Carter 49 to Anderson 0 (total 538)

In 1976:

Carter (D) 50.08%, Ford (R) 48.02%; E College:  Carter 297 to Ford 240 to faithless 1 (total 538)

In 1972:

Nixon (R) 60.67%, McGovern (D) 37.52%; E College:  Nixon 520 to McGovern 17 to faithless 1 (total 538)

In 1968:

Nixon (R) 43.42%, Humphrey (D) 42.72%, Wallace 8.55%; E College:  Nixon 301 to Humphrey 191 to Wallace 46 (total 538)

Note:  Since southern-county Wallace green and Nixon blue can be difficult to separate in the southern counties, a better map profile of the three-party county results is shown at 1968 Presidential Election Map from Wikipedia.

In 1964:

Johnson (D) 61.05%, Goldwater (R) 38.47%; E College:  Johnson 486 to Goldwater 52 (total 538)

In 1960:

Kennedy (D) 49.72%, Nixon (R) 49.55%; E College:  Kennedy 303 to Nixon 219 to other 15 (total 531*)
* Fifteen southern electors from Mississippi and Alabama voted for "other" in 1960.  They're shown in Mississippi's green counties.

In 1956:

Eisenhower (R) 57.37%, Stevenson (D) 41.97%; E College: Eisenhower 457 to Stevenson 73 to faithless 1 (total 531)

In 1952:

Eisenhower (R) 55.18%, Stevenson (D) 44.33%; E College: Eisenhower 442 to Stevenson 89 (total 531)

In 1948:

Truman (D) 49.55%, Dewey (R) 45.07%, Thurmond (SR) 2.41%, Wallace (P) 2.37%; E College:  Truman 303 to Dewey 189 to Thurmond 39 to Wallace 0 (total 531)

In 1944:

Roosevelt (D) 53.39%, Dewey (R) 45.89%; E College:  Roosevelt 432 to Dewey 99 (total 531)

In 1940:

Roosevelt (D) 54.74%, Willkie (R) 44.78%; E College:  Roosevelt 449 to Willkie 82 (total 531)

In 1936:

Roosevelt (D) 60.80%, Landon (R) 36.54%; E College:  Roosevelt 523 to Landon 8 (total 531)

In 1932:

Roosevelt (D) 57.41%, Hoover (R) 39.65%; E College:  Roosevelt 472 to Hoover 59 (total 531)

In 1928:

Hoover (R) 58.21%, Smith (D) 40.80%; E College: Hoover 444 to Smith 87 (total 531)

In 1924:

Coolidge (R) 54.04%, Davis (D) 28.82%, LaFollette 16.61%; E College:  Coolidge 382 to Davis 136 to LaFollette 13 (total 531)

Note:  Since third-party LaFollette green and Republican Coolidge blue can be difficult to separate in adjacent counties, a better map profile of the three-party county results is shown at 1924 Presidential Election Map from Wikipedia.

In 1920:

Harding (R) 60.32%, Cox (D) 34.15%, Debs 3.41%; E College: Harding 404 to Cox 127 to Debs 0 (total 531)

In 1916:

Wilson (D) 49.24%, Hughes (R) 46.12%; E College:  Wilson 277 to Hughes 254 (total 531)

In 1912:

Wilson (D) 41.84%, Taft (R) 23.17%, T. Roosevelt (P) 27.40%; E College:  Wilson 435 to Taft 8 to T. Roosevelt 88 (total 531)

In 1908:

Taft (R) 51.57%, Bryan (D) 43.04%; E College: Taft 321 to Bryan 162 (total 483)

In 1904:

T. Roosevelt (R) 56.42%, Parker (D) 37.59%; E College: T. Roosevelt 336 to Parker 140 (total 476)

In 1900:

McKinley (R) 51.64%, Bryan (D) 45.52%; E College: McKinley 292 to Bryan 155 (total 447)

In 1896:

McKinley (R) 51.03%, Bryan (D) 46.70%; E College: McKinley 271 to Bryan 176 (total 447)

In 1892:

Cleveland (D) 46.02%, Harrison (R) 43.01%, Weaver 8.51%; E College:  Cleveland 277 to Harrison 145 to Weaver 22 (total 444)

In 1888:

Harrison (R) 47.82%, Cleveland (D) 48.62%; E College:  Harrison 233 to Cleveland 168 (total 401)

In 1884:

Cleveland (D) 48.50%, Blaine (R) 48.25%; E College:  Cleveland 219 to Blaine 182 (total 401)

In 1880:

Garfield (R) 48.27%, Hancock (D) 48.25%; E College:  Garfield 214 to Hancock 155 (total 369)

In 1876:

Hayes (R) 47.95%, Tilden (D) 50.97%; E College:  Hayes 185 to Tilden 184 (total 369)

In 1872:

Grant (R) 55.63%, Greeley (D) 43.83%; E College:  Grant 286 to Greeley 63* (total 366)
* Greeley was deceased by December 1872, after "earning" 80 EC votes.  Some 63 were split among other Democrats.)

In 1868:

Grant (R) 52.66%, Seymour (D) 47.34%; E College:  Grant 214 to Seymour 80 (total 294)

In 1864:

Lincoln (R) 55.02%, McClellan (D) 44.96%; E College:  Lincoln 212 to McClellan 21 (total 234)

In 1860:

Lincoln (R) 39.82%, Douglas (D) 29.46%, Breckinridge (SD) 18.09%, Bell (Con) 12.61%;
E College:  Lincoln 212 to Douglas 12 to Breckinridge 72 to Bell 39 (total 303)

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Copyrightę2006-2009, Russell D. Renka